Article

Fungal Diversity

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 189-198

Climate change effects fruiting of the prize matsutake mushroom in China

  • Xuefei YangAffiliated withKey Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of SciencesKey Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Eike LuedelingAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre
  • , Guangli ChenAffiliated withKunming University of Science and Technology
  • , Kevin D. HydeAffiliated withInstitute of Excellence in Fungal Research, School of Science, Mae Fah Luang UniversityCollege of Science, Botany and Microbiology Department, King Saud University
  • , Youji YangAffiliated with
  • , Dequn ZhouAffiliated withKunming University of Science and Technology
  • , Jianchu XuAffiliated withKey Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of SciencesCentre for Mountain Ecosystem Studies, World Agroforestry Centre
  • , Yongping YangAffiliated withKey Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of SciencesKey Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences Email author 

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Abstract

Climate change affects various facets of life but there is little data on its effects on wild mushroom fruiting. Yunnan Province in China is a rich source of wild mushrooms and has experienced a temperature rise over recent decades. This has resulted in warmer temperatures but the impacts of these changes on mushroom production lack documentation. We collected data on the fruiting of the highly prized matsutake mushroom (Tricholoma matsutake) in West Yunnan, China over an 11 year period from 2000 to 2010. Fruiting phenology and productivity were compared against the driving meteorological variables using Projection to Latent Structure regression. The mushrooms appeared later in the season during the observation period, which is most likely explained by rising temperatures and reduced rain during May and June. High temperature and abundant rain in August resulted in good productivity. The climate response of matsutake production results from a sequence of processes that are possibly linked with regulatory signals and resource availability. To advance the knowledge of this complex system, a holistic research approach integrating biology, ecology, genetics, physiology, and phytochemistry is needed. Our results contribute to a general model of fungal ecology, which can be used to predict the responses of fungi to global climate change.

Keywords

Fruiting Phenology Productivity Response Projection to Latent Structures regression Tricholoma matsutake Yunnan