Correlation of Amniotic Fluid Index with Perinatal Outcome
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- Bhagat, M. & Chawla, I. J Obstet Gynecol India (2014) 64: 32. doi:10.1007/s13224-013-0467-2
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We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of amniotic fluid index (AFI) (<5) for adverse perinatal outcome in terms of cesarean section for fetal distress, birth weight, meconium staining, Apgar scores, and cord pH at birth.
This was a prospective study of 200 antenatal women booked at Ram Manohar Lohia (RML) Hospital during the years 2009–2011 with gestational age between 34 and 41 weeks. The women’s history, clinical examination recorded, and AFI were measured and the perinatal outcome was compared between two groups, i.e., AFI < 5 and >5.
The cesarean section rate for fetal distress and low birth weight babies, <2.5 kg, was higher in patients with oligohydramnios (p = 0.048, 0.001, respectively). There was no significant difference in meconium staining, Apgar score at 5 min <7, and cord pH at birth between the two groups (p = 0.881, 0.884, 0.764, respectively).
Oligohydramnios has a significant correlation with cesarean section for fetal distress and low birth weight babies.