Review Article

The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India

, Volume 61, Issue 6, pp 626-634

First online:

Contraceptive Methods: Needs, Options and Utilization

  • Rakhi JainAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Lady Irwin College, Delhi University
  • , Sumathi MuralidharAffiliated withRegional STD Teaching, Training & Research Centre, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjang Hospital Email author 

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Background-Contraception is the intentional prevention of conception through the use of various devices, sexual practices, chemicals, drugs or surgical procedures. An effective contraception allows a physical relationship without fear of an unwanted pregnancy and ensures freedom to have children when desired. The aim is to achieve contraception in maximum comfort and privacy, with minimum cost and side effects. Some methods, like male and female condoms, also provide twin advantage of protection from sexually transmitted diseases. The burden of unsafe abortion lies primarily in developing countries. Here, contraceptive prevalence is measured among currently married women of reproductive age, and levels have not yet reached those that exist in developed countries.


In countries like India, there is a dire need for contraceptive methods to be more women friendly, accessible and provide adequate privacy. Providers also need to be sensitive to special needs of adolescents as they are at a critically vulnerable segment.


Contraception Condoms Vasectomy Tubectomy STDs