Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments

, Volume 92, Issue 4, pp 585–629

Peculiarities of the Messel fish fauna and their palaeoecological implications: a case study

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12549-012-0106-4

Cite this article as:
Micklich, N. Palaeobio Palaeoenv (2012) 92: 585. doi:10.1007/s12549-012-0106-4

Abstract

General aspects and some peculiarities of the Lake Messel fish fauna are presented and discussed with special focus on the palaeoenvironmental framework. The overall composition of that fauna is analysed including details such as age and growth. Palaeopathological information is derived from scale regeneration, and selected aspects of mortality and taphonomy are also investigated. Special emphasis is placed on analyses of the horizontal and vertical distribution patterns of the fishes in comparison with those of plant and arthropod records on the one hand and the orientation patterns of fish carcasses on the other hand. In this context, long- and short-term, and also local, differences and modifications are discussed. All results indicate a very particular environmental scenario. Lake Messel cannot have been steadily isolated from external water bodies during the period of time that is represented by the investigated fossils. There must instead have been various opportunities for a renovation of the lake’s fish fauna. Probably, the peculiarities of that fauna were predominantly triggered by a selective influx, which also changed during more extended periods of time. The selection could have taken place during active immigration events and by modified interactions with different types of external catchment areas. There need not necessarily have been locally fixed inlets and outlets. It is probable that there were more flexible control mechanisms, like an exchange of water with other bodies of water during occasional high water periods, and in places with a partial (or complete) erosion of the tephra wall shelter. The latter may also have varied as a function of the intensity of the respective high water events.

Keywords

PalaeoecologyLake MesselMiddle EoceneFish fauna

Supplementary material

12549_2012_106_Fig22_ESM.jpg (650 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM1_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25512 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig23_ESM.jpg (303 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM2_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig24_ESM.jpg (390 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM3_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig25_ESM.jpg (651 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM4_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig26_ESM.jpg (729 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM5_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig27_ESM.jpg (506 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM6_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig28_ESM.jpg (369 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM7_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig29_ESM.jpg (603 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM8_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig30_ESM.jpg (521 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM9_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig31_ESM.jpg (702 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM10_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig32_ESM.jpg (462 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM11_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig33_ESM.jpg (695 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM12_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig34_ESM.jpg (480 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM13_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig35_ESM.jpg (514 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM14_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig36_ESM.jpg (498 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM15_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig37_ESM.jpg (714 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM16_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig38_ESM.jpg (843 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM17_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25515 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig39_ESM.jpg (365 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM18_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25512 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig40_ESM.jpg (677 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM19_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig41_ESM.jpg (575 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM20_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig42_ESM.jpg (501 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM21_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig43_ESM.jpg (501 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM22_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig44_ESM.jpg (656 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM23_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig45_ESM.jpg (603 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM24_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig46_ESM.jpg (495 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM25_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig47_ESM.jpg (481 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM26_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig48_ESM.jpg (665 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM27_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig49_ESM.jpg (839 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM28_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25515 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig50_ESM.jpg (858 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM29_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig51_ESM.jpg (783 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM30_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig52_ESM.jpg (787 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM31_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig53_ESM.jpg (744 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM32_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig54_ESM.jpg (630 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM33_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig55_ESM.jpg (591 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM34_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25516 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig56_ESM.jpg (654 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM35_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25515 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig57_ESM.jpg (764 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM36_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25516 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig58_ESM.jpg (563 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM37_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25516 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig59_ESM.jpg (581 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM38_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig60_ESM.jpg (743 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM39_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25516 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig61_ESM.jpg (754 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM40_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25515 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig62_ESM.jpg (665 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM41_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25515 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig63_ESM.jpg (699 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM42_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig64_ESM.jpg (600 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM43_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig65_ESM.jpg (768 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM44_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig66_ESM.jpg (628 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM45_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig67_ESM.jpg (939 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM46_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig68_ESM.jpg (830 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM47_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig69_ESM.jpg (782 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM48_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig70_ESM.jpg (1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM49_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig71_ESM.jpg (814 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM50_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig72_ESM.jpg (654 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM51_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig73_ESM.jpg (1.5 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM52_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25518 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig74_ESM.jpg (1.3 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM53_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25517 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig75_ESM.jpg (1.1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM54_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25517 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig76_ESM.jpg (1.1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM55_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25520 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig77_ESM.jpg (963 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM56_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25522 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig78_ESM.jpg (1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM57_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25524 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig79_ESM.jpg (1.1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM58_ESM.tif (28.4 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 28.4 mb)
12549_2012_106_Fig80_ESM.jpg (1.1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM59_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25520 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig81_ESM.jpg (1.1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM60_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25516 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig82_ESM.jpg (1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM61_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25517 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig83_ESM.jpg (579 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM62_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig84_ESM.jpg (783 kb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM63_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25513 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig85_ESM.jpg (1.2 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM64_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25514 kb)
12549_2012_106_Fig86_ESM.jpg (1.1 mb)
Fig. ESM 1

Explanation of bar chart fills in microstratigraphic distribution analyses. a Pattern fills for fish records (Figs. ESM 215a, 1621, 2232a, 3340c); b pattern fills for plant and insect/arthropod records (Figs. ESM 215b, 2233b); c pattern fills for fish remains in reference column survey (Figs. ESM 3441b); d pattern fills in schematic profile documentation (Appendix, Figs A 3441a) (JPEG 650 kb)

12549_2012_106_MOESM65_ESM.tif (24.9 mb)
High resolution image (TIFF 25516 kb)

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Natural History DepartmentHessisches Landesmuseum DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany