International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 53–60

Integrated numerical analysis to evaluate replication characteristics of micro channels in a locally heated mold by selective induction


DOI: 10.1007/s12541-011-0007-x

Cite this article as:
Eom, H. & Park, K. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf. (2011) 12: 53. doi:10.1007/s12541-011-0007-x


High-frequency induction heating is an efficient way to heat mold surfaces by electromagnetic induction using a non-contact procedure. Due to its ability to rapidly heat and cool mold surfaces, this method has been applied recently to the injection molding of micro/nano structures. The present study investigates a localized heating method involving the selective use of mold materials to enhance the heating efficiency of high-frequency induction heating. A composite injection mold consisting of ferromagnetic material and paramagnetic material was used for localized induction heating. The feasibility of this localized heating method was investigated through numerical analyses in terms of its heating efficiency for localized mold surfaces and the resulting flow characteristics in micro channels. To take into account the effects of thermal boundary conditions of localized induction heating, a fully integrated numerical analysis effectively connecting electromagnetic field calculation, heat transfer analysis, and injection molding simulation was carried out. The proposed integrated simulation was applied to the injection molding of a rectangular strip containing micro channels, and the resulting mold heating capacity and replication characteristics of the micro channels were compared with experimental findings in order to verify the validity of the proposed simulation.


Micro injection moldingInduction heatingLocal mold heatingNumerical analysis



current frequency


electrical resistivity

µ0 and µr

free space permeability and relative permeability

km and kp

thermal conductivities of the mold and polymer

ρm and ρp

densities of the mold and polymer

Cm and Cp

specific heats of the mold and polymer

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Precision Engineering and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical Design and Automation EngineeringSeoul Nat’l Univ. Sci. Tech.SeoulSouth Korea