, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 1073-1080

Impact of water and soil conservation (WSC) strategies in improving water balance and soil production in Algeria: options to alleviate the negative impacts of climate change

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Abstract

In Algeria, water and soil, vital resources of production, are currently experiencing degradation in terms of quantity and quality. The deficit of rainfall, the frequency and intensity of droughts, and torrential rains exacerbate growing water stress and erosion phenomenon. These conditions involve adaptation strategies and the development of management techniques for the scarcity of excess water. The strategies for the conservation and management of water and soil (WSC) will be one option, among others, to reduce the risks and impacts of climate change. In this sense and to highlight the strategies of WSC, we identified the different techniques of conservation of water and soil; we evaluated their effectiveness and suitability and identified some trends in these techniques. This evaluation has shown the positive role of these techniques in controlling water and conserving natural environments and suitability to the harsh conditions of semi-arid and arid areas.