Anonymous. 1923. Medicine: Voronoff and Steinach. Time
, Monday July 30. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,727231,00.html
. Last accessed 31 July 2009.
Atherton, G. 1923. Black oxen. New York: Boni and Liveright.
Bauer, J. 1944. The male climacteric: A misnomer. Journal of the American Medical Association 126: 914.
Benjamin, H. 1929. The reactivation of women. In Third congress of the world league for sexual reform, ed. N. Haire, 564–573. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co. Ltd.
Benjamin, H. 1946. A contribution to the endocrine aspect of the impotence problem: A report of thirty-nine cases. The Urologic and Cutaneous Review 50: 139–143.
Boggs, T. 2002. Male mid-life changes can lower libido: More than one million Canadian men are andropausal Toronto Star, Toronto, p. R5.
Borrell, M. 1985. Organotherapy and the emergence of reproductive endocrinology. Journal of the History of Biology
18 (1): 1–30.CrossRef
Calasanti, T., and N. King. 2005. Firming the floppy penis: Age, class and gender relations in the lives of old men. Men and Masculinities
8 (1): 3–23.CrossRef
Canadian Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2007. Failure to treat sexual dysfunction can pose a serious risk for aging males (press release, February 5, 2007).
Canadian Urological Society. n.d. Male hormone supplementation in the aging male. http://www.uroinfo.ca/brochures_sexual/maleHormoneSupplement.html
. Last accessed 31 July 2009.
Caprio, F. 1952. The sexually adequate male. NY: Citadel.
Charlton, R. 2004. Ageing male syndrome: Andropause, androgen decline or mid-life crisis. Journal of Men’s Health and Gender
1 (1): 55–59.CrossRef
Clarke, A.E. 1998. Disciplining reproduction: Modernity, American life sciences and “the problems of sex”. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Corona, G., G. Forti, and M. Maggi. 2008. Why can patients with erectile dysfunction be considered lucky? The association with testosterone deficiency and metabolic syndrome. The Aging Male
11 (4): 193–199.CrossRef
Cussons, A., C.I. Bhagat, S.J. Fletcher, and J.P. Walsh. 2002. Brown-Sequard revisited: A lesson from history on the placebo effect of androgen treatment. Medical Journal of Australia 177 (2): 678–679.
de Kruif, P. 1945. The male hormone. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
Douglas, R.J. 1941. The male climacteric: Its diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Urology 45: 404.
Drake, E.F.A. 1902. What a woman of forty-five ought to know. Philadelphia: Vir Publishing.
Dunn, C. 1945. Discussion of August Werner’s “The male climacteric: Report of fifty-four cases”. Journal of the American Medical Association 127: 710.
Dunsmuir, W.D. 1999. Male sexual dysfunction: The male menopause. In Men’s health, ed. R.S. Kirby, M.G. Kirby, and R.N. Farah. Oxford: Isis Medical Media.
Estes, C., and E. Binney. 1989. The biomedicalization of aging. The Gerontologist 29: 587–596.
Fausto-Sterling, A. 2000. Sexing the body: Gender politics and the construction of sexuality. Toronto: Harper Collins Canada.
Featherstone, M., and M. Hepworth. 1985. The male menopause: Lifestyle and sexuality. Maturitas
Fishbein, M. 1932. Fads and Quackery in healing. New York: Blue Ribbon Books.
Foucault, M. 1978. The history of sexuality, vol. 1. New York: Vintage Books.
Frith, M. 2003. Is the male menopause just a convenient myth? The Independent, London, p. 6.
Gaudillière, J.-P. 2004. Genesis and development of a biomedical object: Styles of thought, styles of work and the history of the sex steroids. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biology and Biomedical Sciences
35 (3): 525–543.CrossRef
Goldman, S.F., and M.J. Markham. 1942. Clinical use of testosterone in the male climacteric. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology
Gordon, M.L. 2008. The clinical application of interventional endocrinology. Phoenix Books.
Gullette, M.M. 1998. Midlife discourses in the twentieth century United States: An essay on the sexuality, ideology, and politics of ‘middle-ageism’. In Welcome to middle age! (and other cultural fictions), ed. R. Shweder, 3–44. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Halford, S.H. 1831 . On the climacteric disease. In Essays and orations, ed. S.H. Halford, 2–14. London: John Murray.
Hall, D.L. 1976. Biology, sex hormones and sexism in the 1920s. In Women and philosophy: Toward a theory of liberation, ed. M. Wartofsky and C. Gould, 81–96. New York: G.P. Putnam.
Haller, J.S. 1989. Spermatic economy: A 19th century view of male impotence. Southern Medical Journal 82 (8): 1010–1016.
Hamilton, D. 1986. The monkey gland affair. London: Chatto and Windus.
HealthyOntario.com. 2009. Andropause: A turning point for men—Part 1. http://www.healthyontario.com/FeatureDetails.aspx?feature_id=4096
. Last accessed 31 July 2009.
Heller, C.G., and G.B. Myers. 1944. The male climacteric, its symptomatology, diagnosis and treatment. Journal of the American Medical Association 126: 472–477.
Hepworth, M., and M. Featherstone. 1998. The male menopause: Lay accounts and the cultural reconstruction of midlife. In The body in everyday life, ed. S. Nettleton and J. Watson, 276–301. London: Routledge.
Hirshbein, L. 2000. The glandular solution: Sex, masculinity and aging in the 1920’s. Journal of the History of Sexuality 93 (3): 277–304.
Hoberman, J. 2005. Testosterone dreams: Rejuvenation, aphrodisia, doping. Berkeley: University of California Press.
International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 1999. Mission statement. The Aging Male
International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2009. About ISSAM. http://www.issam.ch/
. Last accessed 31 July 2009.
Isidori, A.M., E. Giannetta, D. Gianfrilli, E.A. Greco, V. Bonifacio, A. Aversa, A. Isidori, A. Fabbri, and A. Lenzi. 2005. Effects of testosterone on sexual function in men: Results of a meta-analysis. Clinical Endocrinology
Journal of the American Medical Association. 1942. Editorial: Climacteric in aging men. Journal of the American Medical Association 118: 458–460.
Kammerer, P. 1924. Rejuvenation and the prolongation of human efficiency. London: Methuen.
Katz, S. 2001/2002. Growing older without aging? Positive aging, anti-ageism, and anti-aging. Generations 25 (4): 27–32.
Katz, S., and B.L. Marshall. 2003. New sex for old: Lifestyle, consumerism and the ethics of aging well. Journal of Aging Studies
17 (1): 3–16.CrossRef
Katz, S., and B.L. Marshall. 2004. Is the functional ‘normal’? Aging, sexuality and the biomarking of successful living. History of the Human Sciences
17 (1): 53–75.CrossRef
Kirby, M. 2004. Erectile dysfunction: A model for men’s health. Journal of Men’s Health and Gender 1 (2–3): 255–258.
Landau, R.L. 1951. The concept of the male climacteric. Medical Clinics of North America 35: 279–288.
Lespinasse, V. 1946. Discussion of August Werner’s “The male climacteric: Report of two hundred and seventy-three cases”. Journal of the American Medical Association 132: 194.
Liverman, C.T., and D.G. Blazer. 2004. Testosterone and aging: Clinical research directions, institute of medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Loe, M. 2004. The rise of viagra: How the little blue pill changed sex in America. New York: NYU Press.
Lunenfeld, B. 1999. Hormone replacement therapy in the aging male. The Aging Male
Lunenfeld, B., F. Saad, and C.E. Hoesl. 2005. ISA, ISSAM and EAU recommendations for the investigation, treatment and monitoring of late-onset hypogonadism in males: Scientific background and rationale. The Aging Male
8 (2): 59–74.CrossRef
MacIndoe, J.H. 2003. The challenges of testosterone deficiency. Postgraduate Medicine 114 (4): 51–62.
Mamo, L., and J. Fishman. 2001. Potency in all the right places: Viagra as a technology of the gendered body. Body and Society
7 (4): 13–35.CrossRef
Maranon, G. 1929. The climacteric (the critical age). London: Henry Kimpton.
Marshall, B.L. 2002. ‘Hard science’: Gendered constructions of sexual dysfunction in the ‘viagra age’. Sexualities
5 (2): 131–158.CrossRef
Marshall, B.L. 2006. The new virility: Viagra, male aging and sexual function. Sexualities
9 (3): 345–362.CrossRef
Marshall, B.L. 2007. Climacteric redux? (Re)Medicalizing the male menopause. Men and Masculinities
9 (4): 509–529.CrossRef
Marshall, B.L. Forthcoming. Science, medicine and virility surveillance: “sexy seniors” in the pharmaceutical imagination. Sociology of Health and Illness.
Marshall, B.L., and S. Katz. 2002. ‘Forever functional’: Sexual fitness and the aging male body. Body and Society
8 (4): 43–70.CrossRef
Marshall, B.L., and S. Katz. 2006. From androgyny to androgens: Re-sexing the aging body. In Age matters, ed. T. Calasanti, and K. Slevin, 75–98. New York: Routledge.
McLaren, A. 2007. Impotence: A cultural history. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Meryn, S. 2006. Why a theme issue on sexual health. Journal of Men’s Health and Gender
3 (4): 317–319.CrossRef
Morales, A. 2008. The use of hormonal therapy in “andropause”: The pro side. Canadian Urological Association Journal 2 (1): 43–46.
Morales, A., and B. Lunenfeld. 2002. Investigation, treatment and monitoring of late-onset hypogonadism in males: Official recommendations of ISSAM. The Aging Male 5: 74–86.
Morgentaler, A. 2008. Testosterone for life: Recharge your vitality, sex drive, muscle mass and overall health. New York: McGraw Hill.
Morley, J.E. 2007. The politics of testosterone. Journal of Sexual Medicine
Nichols, T.L. 1873. Esoteric anthropology (the mysteries of man): A comprehensive and confidential treatise on the structure, functions, passional attractions and perversions, true and false physical and social conditions and the most intimate relations of men and women. Malvern.
Nieschlag, E., R.S. Swerdloff, H. Behre, L.J. Gooren, J.M. Kaufman, J.-J. Legros, B. Lunenfeld, J.E. Morley, C. Schulman, C. Wang, W. Wiedner, and F.C.W. Wu. 2005. Investigation, treatment and monitoring of late-onset hypogonadism in males. The Aging Male
8 (2): 56–58.CrossRef
Nusbaum, M.R.H., and C.D. Hamilton. 2002. The proactive sexual health history. American Family Physician 66 (9): 1705–1712.
Oudshoorn, N. 1990. Endocrinologists and the conceptualization of sex, 1920–1940. Journal of the History of Biology
23 (2): 163–186.CrossRef
Oudshoorn, N. 1994. Beyond the natural body: Towards an archaeology of sex hormones. London: Routledge.
Oudshoorn, N. 1997. Menopause, only for women? The social construction of menopause as an exclusively female condition. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology
Potts, A. 2000. The essence of the hard-on: Hegemonic masculinity and the cultural construction of erectile dysfunction. Men and Masculinities
3 (1): 85–103.CrossRef
Rechter, J.E. 1997. “The Glands of Destiny”: A history of popular, medical and scientific views of the sex hormones in 1920s America. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
Rennie, T.A.C., S.A. Vest, and J.E. Howard. 1939. The use of testosterone propionate in impotence: Clinical studies with male sex hormones. Southern Medical Journal 32: 1004–1007.
Roberts, C. 2007. Messengers of sex: Hormones, biomedicine and feminism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rose, N. 2003. Neurochemical selves. Society 41 (1): 46–59.
Rutherford, R.N., and J.J. Rutherford. 1965. The climacteric years in the woman, man and family. In Counselling in marital and sexual problems: A physician’s handbook, ed. R. Klemer, 220–230. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co.
Schering Corporation Medical Research Division. 1941. Male sex hormone therapy: A clinical guide. Bloomfield, NJ: Schering Corporation Limited.
Schmidt, P. 1929. Six hundred rejuvenation operations: A nine-year survey. In Third congress of the world league of sexual reform, ed. N. Haire, 574–581. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co. Ltd.
Sengoopta, C. 2001. Transforming the testicle: Science, medicine and masculinity, 1800–1951. Medicina nei Secoli 13 (3): 637–655.
Sengoopta, C. 2006. The most secret quintessence of life: Sex, glands and hormones, 1850–1950. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Shabsigh, R. 2006. Sexual health is the portal to men’s health 5th world congress on the aging male. Austria: Salzburg.
Shabsigh, R., S. Arver, K.S. Channer, I. Eardley, A. Fabbri, L.J. Gooren, A. Heufelder, H. Jones, S. Meryn, and M. Zitzmann. 2008. The triad of erectile dysfunction, hypogonadism and the metabolic syndrome. International Journal of Clinical Practice
2 (5): 791–798.CrossRef
Spence, A.W. 1940. Testosterone propionate in functional impotence. British Medical Journal
Stall, S. 1901. What a man of forty-five ought to know. Philadelphia: VIR Publishing Co.
Steinach, E., and J. Loebel. 1940. Sex and life. New York: Viking Press.
Stolberg, M. 2007. From the ‘climacteric disease’ to the ‘male climacteric’: The historical origins of a modern concept. Maturitas
T’Sjoen, G., S. Goemaere, M. De Meyere, and J.M. Kaufman. 2004. Perceptions of males’ aging symptoms, health and well-being in elderly community-dwelling men is not related to circulating androgen levels. Psychoneuroendocrinology
Tiefer, L. 1996. The medicalization of sexuality: Conceptual, normative and professional issues. Annual Review of Sex Research 7: 252–282.
Tiefer, L. 2006. The viagra phenomenon. Sexualities
9 (3): 273–294.CrossRef
Traish, A.M., I. Goldstein, and N.N. Kim. 2007. Testosterone and erectile function: From basic research to a new clinical paradigm for managing men with androgen insufficiency and erectile dysfunction. European Association of Urology
Travison, T.G., J.E. Morley, A.B. Araujo, A.B. O’Donnell, and J.B. McKinlay. 2006. The relationship between libido and testosterone levels in aging men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
91 (7): 2509–2513.CrossRef
Tremblay, R.R., and A. Morales. 1998. Canadian practice recommendations for screening, monitoring and treating men affected by andropause or partial androgen deficiency. The Aging Male
1 (3): 213–218.CrossRef
Van den Wijngaard, M. 1997. Reinventing the sexes: The biomedical construction of masculinity and femininity. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.
Vecki, V.G. 1920. Sexual impotence. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.
Voronoff, S. 1925. Rejuvenation by grafting. New York: Adelphi.
Wang, C., E. Nieschlag, R.S. Swerdloff, H. Behre, W.J. Hellstrom, L.J. Gooren, J.M. Kaufman, J.-J. Legros, B. Lunenfeld, A. Morales, J.E. Morley, C. Schulman, I.M. Thompson, W. Weidner, and F.C.W. Wu. 2008. Investigation, treatment and monitoring of late-onset hypogonadism in males: ISA, ISSAM, EAU, EAA and ASA recommendations. European Journal of Endocrinology
Warthin, A.S. 1929. Old age: The major involution. New York: Paul B. Hoeber.
Watkins, E.S. 2007. The medicalisation of male menopause in America. Social History of Medicine
20 (2): 369–388.CrossRef
Watkins, E.S. 2008. Medicine, masculinity and the disappearance of the male menopause in the 1950s. Social History of Medicine
21 (2): 329–344.CrossRef
Werner, A. 1939. The male climacteric. Journal of the American Medical Association 112: 1441–1443.
Werner, A. 1945. The male climacteric (including therapy with testosterone propionate): Fifty-four cases. Journal of the American Medical Association 127 (12): 705–710.
Werner, A. 1946. The male climacteric: Report of two hundred and seventy-three cases. Journal of the American Medical Association 132: 188–194.
Wilson, R.A. 1966. Feminine forever. New York: Evans.