International Journal of Social Robotics

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 291–308

Social Robots for Long-Term Interaction: A Survey


DOI: 10.1007/s12369-013-0178-y

Cite this article as:
Leite, I., Martinho, C. & Paiva, A. Int J of Soc Robotics (2013) 5: 291. doi:10.1007/s12369-013-0178-y


As the field of HRI evolves, it is important to understand how users interact with robots over long periods. This paper reviews the current research on long-term interaction between users and social robots. We describe the main features of these robots and highlight the main findings of the existing long-term studies. We also present a set of directions for future research and discuss some open issues that should be addressed in this field.


Human-robot interactionSocial robotsLong-term interactionLongitudinal studies

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INESC-ID and ISTTechnical University of LisbonPorto SalvoPortugal