The Cerebellum

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 392-410

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Visuomotor Cerebellum in Human and Nonhuman Primates

  • Jan VoogdAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Erasmus MC Email author 
  • , Caroline K. L. Schraa-TamAffiliated withInstitute for Sales and Account Management, Erasmus University
  • , Jos N. van der GeestAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Erasmus MC
  • , Chris I. De ZeeuwAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Erasmus MCNetherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Royal Dutch Academy of Arts and Sciences


In this paper, we will review the anatomical components of the visuomotor cerebellum in human and, where possible, in non-human primates and discuss their function in relation to those of extracerebellar visuomotor regions with which they are connected. The floccular lobe, the dorsal paraflocculus, the oculomotor vermis, the uvula–nodulus, and the ansiform lobule are more or less independent components of the visuomotor cerebellum that are involved in different corticocerebellar and/or brain stem olivocerebellar loops. The floccular lobe and the oculomotor vermis share different mossy fiber inputs from the brain stem; the dorsal paraflocculus and the ansiform lobule receive corticopontine mossy fibers from postrolandic visual areas and the frontal eye fields, respectively. Of the visuomotor functions of the cerebellum, the vestibulo-ocular reflex is controlled by the floccular lobe; saccadic eye movements are controlled by the oculomotor vermis and ansiform lobule, while control of smooth pursuit involves all these cerebellar visuomotor regions. Functional imaging studies in humans further emphasize cerebellar involvement in visual reflexive eye movements and are discussed.


Flocculus Uvula/Nodulus Oculomotor vermis Eyemovements fMRI