The Cerebellum

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 125–137

SCA3: Neurological features, pathogenesis and animal models


    • Department of Medical GeneticsUniversity of Tuebingen
  • Udo Rüb
    • Department of Clinical NeuroanatomyJohann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt/Main
  • Annalisa Pastore
    • National Institute for Medical Research
  • Peter Bauer
    • Department of Medical GeneticsUniversity of Tuebingen
  • Ludger Schöls
    • Center of Neurology and Hertie-Institute for Clinical Brain ResearchUniversity of Tuebingen
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12311-008-0013-4

Cite this article as:
Riess, O., Rüb, U., Pastore, A. et al. Cerebellum (2008) 7: 125. doi:10.1007/s12311-008-0013-4


The most frequent subtype of autosomal dominant inherited spinocerebellar ataxias is caused by CAG repeat expansions of more than 55 units in the ataxin-3 gene. The clinical variability of the phenotype depends on the length of the expanded repeat and the age at onset (and thus indirectly with the repeat size). Anticipation of the phenotype is most frequently associated with repeat expansions in paternal transmission. In this review we describe four clinical subphenotypes and correlate them to the respective repeat expansions. We also provide a detailed description of the neuropathological features. Finally, we discuss the current knowledge on the function of normal and dysfunction of altered ataxin-3 and how this translates to the predicted structure of the protein.

Key words

Spinocerebellar ataxia 3Machado-Joseph diseaseataxin 3polyglutamine diseasemosaicism
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008