International Journal of Material Forming

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 67–72

Steam-bending properties of seven poplar hybrid clones

Authors

  • Svetka Kuljich
    • Centre de Recherche sur le Bois, Département des Sciences du Bois et de la ForêtUniversité Laval
  • Claudia B. Cáceres
    • Centre de Recherche sur le Bois, Département des Sciences du Bois et de la ForêtUniversité Laval
    • Centre de Recherche sur le Bois, Département des Sciences du Bois et de la ForêtUniversité Laval
Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s12289-013-1148-5

Cite this article as:
Kuljich, S., Cáceres, C.B. & Hernández, R.E. Int J Mater Form (2015) 8: 67. doi:10.1007/s12289-013-1148-5

Abstract

The steam-bending behavior of seven poplar hybrid clones from three growing sites was evaluated on kiln-dried specimens following two types of drying, an elevated-temperature and conventional schedule. The bending quality was assessed using quantitative and qualitative methods. In general, the poplar hybrid clones have poor steam-bending properties. The proportions of excellent pieces was low (13 %) compared to red oak (100 %), which was included as a reference for its excellent bending properties. Poplar specimens also showed a great memory effect and poor surface quality after bending. Among the parameters studied, only the clones showed a significant effect on bending properties. Hence, a clone selection could be done for bending improvement but it may be of minor significance.

Keywords

Steam-bendingPoplar HybridClone

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013