Epidemiological Aspects of Fungal Infection (T Chiller and J Baddley, Section Editors)

Current Fungal Infection Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 311-319

Fungal Infections Associated with Travel

  • Clémence RichaudAffiliated withSorbonne Paris Cité, AP-HP, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Centre d’Infectiologie Necker-Pasteur and Institut Imagine, Université Paris Descartes
  • , David LebeauxAffiliated withSorbonne Paris Cité, AP-HP, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Centre d’Infectiologie Necker-Pasteur and Institut Imagine, Université Paris DescartesHôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Centre d’Infectiologie Necker-Pasteur Email author 
  • , Olivier LortholaryAffiliated withSorbonne Paris Cité, AP-HP, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Centre d’Infectiologie Necker-Pasteur and Institut Imagine, Université Paris DescartesCentre National de Référence Mycoses Invasives et Antifongiques, CNRS URA3012, Institut Pasteur

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Abstract

International travel is increasing. As fungal infections associated with travel are rare diseases, they are often underestimated and misdiagnosed. Thus, updated knowledge in this area is of key importance for physicians not only for pretravel counselling but also for the management of patients upon their return. We present an update of data published in 2012 and 2013. We present an overview of epidemiological changes, especially new endemic areas, and the implications of climate and natural disasters. Through experimental and clinical data, new insights into the pathophysiology of fungal infections associated with travel have been obtained, especially for Cryptococcus spp. Recently published diagnostic tools could lead to faster and more accurate diagnosis. Lastly, recent prognostic and therapeutic data are emphasized.

Keywords

Travel Immunodeficiency Cryptococcus Coccidioides Basidiobolus Penicillium marneffei Histoplasma