Formation and optical properties of ZnO:ZnFe2O4 superlattice microwires
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Pure ZnO hexagonal microwires and Fe(III)-doped ZnO microwires (MWs) with a novel rectangular cross section were synthesized in a confined chamber by a convenient one-step thermal evaporation method. An oriented attachment mechanism is consistent with a vapor-solid growth process. Photoluminescence (PL) and Raman spectroscopy of the Fe(III)-doped ZnO MWs and in situ spectral mappings indicate a quasi-periodic distribution of Fe(III) along a one-dimensional (1-D) superlattice ZnO:ZnFe2O4 wire, while PL mapping shows the presence of optical multicavities and related multimodes. The PL spectra at room temperature show weak near-edge doublets (376 nm and 383 nm) and a broad band (450–650 nm) composed of strong discrete lines, due to a 1-D photonic crystal structure. Such a 1-D coupled optical cavity material may find many applications in future photonic and spintronic devices.
KeywordsZnO superlattice microwire micro-photoluminescence micro-Raman spectroscopy
© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010