May 2010, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp 307-316,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 26 Mar 2010
Electrocondensation and evaporation of attoliter water droplets: Direct visualization using atomic force microscopy
Working with a biased atomic force microscope (AFM) tip in the tapping mode under ambient atmosphere, attoliter (10−18 L) water droplet patterns have been generated on a patterned carbonaceous surface. This is essentially electrocondensation of water leading to charged droplets, as evidenced from electrostatic force microscopy measurements. The droplets are unusual in that they exhibit a highly corrugated surface and evaporate rather slowly, taking several tens of minutes.
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- Electrocondensation and evaporation of attoliter water droplets: Direct visualization using atomic force microscopy
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Volume 3, Issue 5 , pp 307-316
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Tsinghua Press
- Additional Links
- attoliter water droplets
- biased atomic force microscope (AFM) lithography
- electron beam induced deposition
- carbonaceous deposition
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit and DST Unit on Nanoscience, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur PO, Bangalore, 560 064, India
- 2. Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 47907, USA