Nano Research

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 297–307

Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser

Authors

  • Qiaoliang Bao
    • Department of ChemistryNational University of Singapore
  • Han Zhang
    • School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNanyang Technological University
  • Zhenhua Ni
    • School of Physical and Mathematical SciencesNanyang Technological University
  • Yu Wang
    • Department of ChemistryNational University of Singapore
  • Lakshminarayana Polavarapu
    • Department of ChemistryNational University of Singapore
  • Zexiang Shen
    • School of Physical and Mathematical SciencesNanyang Technological University
  • Qing-Hua Xu
    • Department of ChemistryNational University of Singapore
    • School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNanyang Technological University
    • Department of ChemistryNational University of Singapore
Open AccessResearch Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12274-010-0082-9

Cite this article as:
Bao, Q., Zhang, H., Ni, Z. et al. Nano Res. (2011) 4: 297. doi:10.1007/s12274-010-0082-9

Abstract

We demonstrate that the intrinsic properties of monolayer graphene allow it to act as a more effective saturable absorber for mode-locking fiber lasers when compared to multilayer graphene. The absorption of monolayer graphene can be saturated at lower excitation intensity compared to multilayer graphene, graphene with wrinkle-like defects, or functionalized graphene. Monolayer graphene has a remarkably large modulation depth of 65.9%, whereas the modulation depth of multilayer graphene is greatly reduced due to nonsaturable absorption and scattering loss. Picosecond ultrafast laser pulses (1.23 ps) can be generated using monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber. Due to the ultrafast relaxation time, larger modulation depth and lower scattering loss of monolayer graphene, it performs better than multilayer graphene in terms of pulse shaping ability, pulse stability, and output energy.
https://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1007%2Fs12274-010-0082-9/MediaObjects/12274_2010_82_Fig1_HTML.gif

Keywords

Graphenesaturable absorberlasercarrier dynamicsultrafast photonics
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Supplementary material

12274_2010_82_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (365 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 363 KB.

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010