Direct comparison of catalyst-free and catalyst-induced GaN nanowires
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GaN nanowires have been grown by molecular beam epitaxy either catalyst-free or catalyst-induced by means of Ni seeds. Under identical growth conditions of temperature and V/III ratio, both types of GaN nanowires are of wurtzite structure elongated in the Ga-polar direction and are constricted by M-plane facets. However, the catalyst-induced nanowires contain many more basal-plane stacking faults and their photoluminescence is weaker. These differences can be explained as effects of the catalyst Ni seeds.
KeywordsNanowire nanocolumn molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) photoluminescence stacking faults catalyst
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