Nano Research

, 2:891

Fine tuning of the sizes and phases of ZrO2 nanocrystals


  • Xiangxing Xu
    • Department of ChemistryTsinghua University
    • Department of ChemistryTsinghua University
Open AccessResearch Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12274-009-9092-x

Cite this article as:
Xu, X. & Wang, X. Nano Res. (2009) 2: 891. doi:10.1007/s12274-009-9092-x


Monodisperse and pure phase zirconia (tetragonal: T-ZrO2; monoclinic: M-ZrO2) nanocrystals with finely tuned sizes as well as ultrathin T-ZrO2 nanowires have been selectively synthesized by a facile solvothermal method. For the first time, a diagram of the size to effective strain was mapped for both T-ZrO2 and M-ZrO2, which gives a good explanation for the size- and cation doping-dependent stability of the two phases on the sub-10 nm scale. This work may expand our understanding of the phase properties of not only zirconia, but also various other polymorphic nanocrystals.


Nanocrystals polymorphism phase stability

Supplementary material

12274_2009_9092_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.2 mb)
Supplementary material, approximately 340 KB.

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009