Research Article

Nano Research

, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp 484-492

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Ni1−x Pt x (x=0–0.08) films as the photocathode of dye-sensitized solar cells with high efficiency

  • Shengjie PengAffiliated withInstitute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Energy Material Chemistry, and Engineering Research Center of High-Energy Storage and Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nankai University
  • , Jifu ShiAffiliated withInstitute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Energy Material Chemistry, and Engineering Research Center of High-Energy Storage and Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nankai University
  • , Juan PeiAffiliated withInstitute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Energy Material Chemistry, and Engineering Research Center of High-Energy Storage and Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nankai University
  • , Yanliang LiangAffiliated withInstitute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Energy Material Chemistry, and Engineering Research Center of High-Energy Storage and Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nankai University
  • , Fangyi ChengAffiliated withInstitute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Energy Material Chemistry, and Engineering Research Center of High-Energy Storage and Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nankai University
  • , Jing LiangAffiliated withInstitute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Energy Material Chemistry, and Engineering Research Center of High-Energy Storage and Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nankai University
  • , Jun ChenAffiliated withInstitute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Energy Material Chemistry, and Engineering Research Center of High-Energy Storage and Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nankai University Email author 

Abstract

Films of Ni1−x Pt x (x=0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, and 0.08) have been prepared on fluorine-doped tin oxide-coated (FTO) glass substrates by a chemical plating method and used as the photocathode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The Ni0.94Pt0.06 film consisted of nanoparticles with a size of 4–6 nm and a Pt loading of 5.13 μg/cm2. The Ni0.94Pt0.06 photocathode exhibited high catalytic performance toward triiodide reduction, high light reflectance, and low charge-transfer resistance. The DSC assembled with the Ni0.94Pt0.06 photocathode gave a short-circuit photocurrent density (J sc) of 16.79 mA/cm2, an open-circuit photovoltage (V oc) of 736 mV, and a fill factor (FF) of 66.4%, corresponding to an overall conversion efficiency of 8.21% under standard AM 1.5 irradiation (100 mW/cm2), which is higher than that for the DSC with a pure Pt photocathode obtained by conventional thermal decomposition. Furthermore, the DSC based on the Ni0.94Pt0.06 photocathode showed good stability. The results indicate that Ni0.94Pt0.06 films are promising lowcost and high-performance photocathodes for use in DSCs.

http://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1007%2Fs12274-009-9044-5/MediaObjects/12274_2009_9044_Fig1_HTML.jpg

Keywords

Ni1−x Pt x films chemical plating nanoparticles photocathode dye-sensitized solar cells