, Volume 1, Issue 5, pp 395-402,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 05 Mar 2010

Computational model of edge effects in graphene nanoribbon transistors

Abstract

We present a semi-analytical model incorporating the effects of edge bond relaxation, the third nearest neighbor interactions, and edge scattering in graphene nanoribbon field-effect transistors (GNRFETs) with armchair-edge GNR (AGNR) channels. Unlike carbon nanotubes (CNTs) which do not have edges, the existence of edges in the AGNRs has a significant effect on the quantum capacitance and ballistic I-V characteristics of GNRFETs. For an AGNR with an index of m=3p, the band gap decreases and the ON current increases whereas for an AGNR with an index of m=3p+1, the quantum capacitance increases and the ON current decreases. The effect of edge scattering, which reduces the ON current, is also included in the model.

This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com