Genes & Nutrition

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 29–41

The contribution of transgenic plants to better health through improved nutrition: opportunities and constraints

Authors

  • Eduard Pérez-Massot
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Raviraj Banakar
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Sonia Gómez-Galera
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Uxue Zorrilla-López
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Georgina Sanahuja
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Gemma Arjó
    • Department of MedicineUniversity of Lleida
  • Bruna Miralpeix
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Evangelia Vamvaka
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Gemma Farré
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Sol Maiam Rivera
    • Chemistry Department, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida
  • Svetlana Dashevskaya
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Judit Berman
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Maite Sabalza
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Dawei Yuan
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Chao Bai
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Ludovic Bassie
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
  • Richard M. Twyman
    • Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Warwick
  • Teresa Capell
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
    • Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats
    • Department of Plant Production and Forestry Science, ETSEAUniversity of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s12263-012-0315-5

Cite this article as:
Pérez-Massot, E., Banakar, R., Gómez-Galera, S. et al. Genes Nutr (2013) 8: 29. doi:10.1007/s12263-012-0315-5

Abstract

Malnutrition is a prevalent and entrenched global socioeconomic challenge that reflects the combined impact of poverty, poor access to food, inefficient food distribution infrastructure, and an over-reliance on subsistence mono-agriculture. The dependence on staple cereals lacking many essential nutrients means that malnutrition is endemic in developing countries. Most individuals lack diverse diets and are therefore exposed to nutrient deficiencies. Plant biotechnology could play a major role in combating malnutrition through the engineering of nutritionally enhanced crops. In this article, we discuss different approaches that can enhance the nutritional content of staple crops by genetic engineering (GE) as well as the functionality and safety assessments required before nutritionally enhanced GE crops can be deployed in the field. We also consider major constraints that hinder the adoption of GE technology at different levels and suggest policies that could be adopted to accelerate the deployment of nutritionally enhanced GE crops within a multicomponent strategy to combat malnutrition.

Keywords

Transgenic cropsMicronutrientsFood securityVitaminsMineralsGenetic engineering

Supplementary material

12263_2012_315_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1392 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012