Article

Economic Botany

, Volume 66, Issue 3, pp 255-263

Sesame Utilization in China: New Archaeobotanical Evidence from Xinjiang

  • Zhenwei QiuAffiliated withDepartment of Scientific History and Archaeometry, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesThe Laboratory of Human Evolution, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Yongbing ZhangAffiliated withAcademia Turfanica of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
  • , Dorothea BedigianAffiliated withMissouri Botanical Garden
  • , Xiao LiAffiliated withAcademia Turfanica of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
  • , Changsui WangAffiliated withDepartment of Scientific History and Archaeometry, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesThe Laboratory of Human Evolution, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • , Hongen JiangAffiliated withDepartment of Scientific History and Archaeometry, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesThe Laboratory of Human Evolution, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Email author 

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Abstract

Sesame Utilization in China: New Archaeobotanical Evidence from Xinjiang. A cache of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seeds, discovered in the Thousand Buddha Grottoes at Boziklik, Turpan, China, dating to ca. 700 years before present (BP), is hard evidence of their use in China since that time. Morphological and anatomical features suggest a white sesame cultivar. The sizeable quantity unearthed implies that sesame was a valued commodity that could provision the monks and enrich the diet of ancient inhabitants as an oil source.

Key Words

Archaeobotany Buddhism sesame Thousand Buddha Grottoes Turpan

芝麻在中国的利用:来自新疆的植物考古学证据.中国吐鲁番地区伯孜克里克千佛洞发现了一批距今约700年前的芝麻种子。这是中国古代栽培和利用芝麻的确凿证据。形态学和解剖学特征则鉴定其为白色类型芝麻。此次芝麻种子大量发现于佛寺内,说明其应该是僧侣们的油料来源,甚至可能在丰富当地先民的饮食结构方面扮演了重要角色。