Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in DSM-5: New Criteria, New Measures, and Implications for Assessment
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- Weathers, F.W., Marx, B.P., Friedman, M.J. et al. Psychol. Inj. and Law (2014) 7: 93. doi:10.1007/s12207-014-9191-1
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The diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were substantially revised for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—5th edition (DSM-5). This in turn necessitated revision of DSM-correspondent assessment measures of PTSD. We describe the various changes to the PTSD diagnostic criteria and the corresponding changes to National Center for PTSD measures. We also discuss the implications of the new criteria for assessment of trauma exposure and PTSD. Although the DSM-5 version of PTSD departs significantly in some respects from previous versions, we conclude that there is fundamental continuity with the original DSM-III conceptualization of PTSD as a chronic, debilitating mental disorder that develops in response to catastrophic life events.