Date: 19 Jan 2013
Effect of Bike Lane Infrastructure Improvements on Ridership in One New Orleans Neighborhood
Incorporating cycling into daily life is one way to increase physical activity.
This study examined the impact of building new bike lanes in New Orleans to determine whether more people were cycling on the street and with the flow of traffic after bike lanes were built.
Through direct observation of one intervention and two adjacent streets, observers counted cyclists riding on the street and sidewalk, with and against traffic, before and after installation of the lanes. Data were tallied separately for adults, children, males, females, and by race for each location.
There was an increase in cyclists on all three streets after the installation of the bike lanes, with the largest increase on the street with the new lane. Additionally, the proportion of riders cycling with traffic increased after the lanes were striped.
Bike lanes can have a positive impact in creating a healthy neighborhood.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). SMART: Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends, 2010-Orleans Parish, LA. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2010.
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—Selected Steps Communities, United States, 2007: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2008.
Transportation Research Board. Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity? Examining the Evidence 2005.
Dill J, Carr T. Bicycle Commuting and facilities in major U.S. cities: If you build them, commuters will use them. Transp Res Rec. 2003; 1828: 116-123.CrossRef
Landis BW, Vattikuti V, Brannick M. Real-time human perceptions: Toward a bicycle level of service. J Transp Res Board. 1997; 1578: 119-126.CrossRef
Emond CR, Tang W, Handy SL. Explaining gender difference in bicycling behavior. Transp Res Rec. 2009; 2125: 16-25.CrossRef
Parker K, Gustat J, Rice J. Health Impact of bike lanes in New Orleans, La. J Phys Act Health. 2011; 8(Suppl, January).
Fell Street Bicycle Lane (Scott to Baker) and Tow Away Zone Proposal. City of San Francisco. 2004.
Schneider RJ, Patten RS, Toole JL. Case study analysis of pedestrian and bicycle data collection in U.S. communities. Transp Res Rec. 1939; 2005: 77-90.
Bicycle Plan 1999: Reviewing the Past, Planning the Future. In: Services E, ed. Vancouver, B.C. 1999.
Profile of General Population and housing Characteristics: (DP-1) [Census Tracts 127,130]: U.S. Census; 2010.
Regional Planning Commission. Carrollton Ave from Oak to Claiborne Traffic Counts 2012.
Residential addresses actively receiving mail by ZIP code and parish for the New Orleans metro area. 2012. Accessed August 10, 2012.
Sarmiento O, Torres A, Jacoby E, Pratt M, Schmid TL, Stierling G. The Ciclovia-Recreativa: A mass-recreational program with public health potential. J Phys Act Health. 2010; 7(Suppl 2): S163-S180.PubMed
Hunter WW, Stewart JR, Stutts JC, Huang HH, Pein WE. A Comparitive Analysis of Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes: Final Report 1999.
Hunter WW, Thomas L, Srinivasan R, Martell C. Evaluation of Shared Lane Markings 2010; FHWA-HRT-10-044.
- Effect of Bike Lane Infrastructure Improvements on Ridership in One New Orleans Neighborhood
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 45, Issue 1 Supplement, pp 101-107
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Built environment
- Bicycle lanes
- Transportation infrastructure
- Environmental design
- Active living
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Prevention Research Center, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, TW-19, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA
- 2. Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, TW-19, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA
- 3. Department of Epidemiology, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, TW-19, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA
- 4. Louisiana Public Health Institute, 1515 Poydras Street Suite 1200, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA
- 5. Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, TW-19, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA