Smoking Cessation and Quality of Life: Changes in Life Satisfaction Over 3 Years Following a Quit Attempt
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There has been limited research addressing changes in subjective well-being as a result of quitting smoking.
The purpose of this study was to use longitudinal data to determine the relation between smoking cessation and subjective measures of well-being, including global quality of life (QOL), health-related QOL (HR-QOL), affect, relationship satisfaction, and stressor occurrence.
As part of a randomized, placebo-controlled smoking cessation trial, 1,504 participants (58.2% women, 83.9% white) completed assessments and had their smoking status biochemically confirmed at baseline and years 1 and 3 post-quit.
Compared with continuing smokers, quitters showed improved global QOL, HR-QOL, and affect at years 1 and 3 and fewer stressors by year 3. Smoking status did not influence marital relationship satisfaction.
Successful quitters, in contrast to continuing smokers, reported improved subjective well-being, which could be used to motivate quit attempts by individuals with concerns about what life will be like without cigarettes.
- Smoking Cessation and Quality of Life: Changes in Life Satisfaction Over 3 Years Following a Quit Attempt
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 43, Issue 2 , pp 262-270
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- Smoking cessation
- Quality of life
- Marital satisfaction
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 1930 Monroe St., Suite 200, Madison, WI, 53593, USA
- 3. Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, 1930 Monroe St., Suite 200, Madison, WI, 53711, USA
- 2. Department of Psychology, Xavier University, 3800 Victory Parkway, Cincinnati, OH, 45207, USA