Future Time Perspective and Health Behaviors: Temporal Framing of Self-Regulatory Processes in Physical Exercise and Dietary Behaviors
- Paul GellertAffiliated withHealth Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin Email author
- , Jochen P. ZiegelmannAffiliated withHealth Psychology, Freie Universität BerlinGerman Centre of Gerontology, Manfred-von-Richthofen-Strasse 2
- , Sonia LippkeAffiliated withJacobs University Bremen
- , Ralf SchwarzerAffiliated withHealth Psychology, Freie Universität BerlinWarsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities
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Limitations in perceived lifetime can undermine long-term goal striving. Planning is supposed to translate intentions into health behaviors and to operate as a compensatory strategy to overcome goal striving deficits associated with a limited time perspective.
Two longitudinal studies were conducted examining the compensatory role of planning: an online survey on fruit and vegetable consumption (N = 909; 16–78 years; follow-up at 4 months) and a questionnaire study on physical exercise in older adults (N = 289; 60–95 years, over a half-year period).
Intentions, planning, and behavior were measured in a behavior-specific, future time perspective in a generic manner.
Planning mediated between intentions and both health behaviors. Time perspective operated as a moderator, indicating that in individuals with a more limited time perspective, a stronger effect of planning on health behaviors emerged.
Planning as a self-regulatory strategy may compensate for a limited time perspective.
KeywordsFuture time perspective Planning Self-regulation Physical exercise Fruit and vegetable intake
- Future Time Perspective and Health Behaviors: Temporal Framing of Self-Regulatory Processes in Physical Exercise and Dietary Behaviors
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 43, Issue 2 , pp 208-218
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- Future time perspective
- Physical exercise
- Fruit and vegetable intake
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. Health Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195, Berlin, Germany
- 2. German Centre of Gerontology, Manfred-von-Richthofen-Strasse 2, 12101, Berlin, Germany
- 3. Jacobs University Bremen, Bremen, Germany
- 4. Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wroclaw, Poland