Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 205–217

Examining the Role of Perceived Susceptibility on Colorectal Cancer Screening Intention and Behavior

Authors

    • Division of Health Behavior ResearchWashington University, School of Medicine
  • Sally W. Vernon
    • Center for Health Promotion and Prevention ResearchUniversity of Texas, School of Public Health
  • Alexander J. Rothman
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Minnesota
  • Gregory J. Norman
    • Department of Family and Preventive MedicineUniversity of California at San Diego, School of Medicine
  • Ronald E. Myers
    • Department of MedicineThomas Jefferson University
  • Barbara C. Tilley
    • Department of Biometery and EpidemiologyUniversity of Texas, School of Public Health
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-010-9215-3

Cite this article as:
McQueen, A., Vernon, S.W., Rothman, A.J. et al. ann. behav. med. (2010) 40: 205. doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9215-3

Abstract

Although support exists for multiple psychosocial predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, little is known about the relationships among these variables. Understanding the associations between such predictors could refine health behavior theories and inform the design of interventions. In addition to direct effects, we examined whether baseline perceived susceptibility was a moderator of, or was mediated by, changes in other psychosocial determinants of CRC screening intention and behavior. Longitudinal path models were tested using data from 1,001 white male automotive workers who participated in The Next Step Trial. Our sample included workers with no history of CRC who were due for CRC screening but did not complete CRC screening prior to the assessment of hypothesized mediators at year 1 follow-up. Perceived susceptibility interacted differently with four psychosocial constructs in models predicting CRC screening intention or behavior. Perceived susceptibility was independent of perceived benefits, moderated the change in perceived barriers and self-efficacy, and was mediated by the change in family influence. The role of perceived susceptibility was not limited to direct effects but involved mediating and moderating pathways of influence.

Keywords

Colorectal cancerPerceived susceptibilityScreening

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2010