Date: 06 May 2009
A Randomized Trial of Generic Versus Tailored Interventions to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Intermediate Risk Siblings
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Individuals with a sibling who has had colorectal cancer diagnosed before age 61 are at increased risk for colorectal cancer and may derive particular benefit from screening. Tailored interventions may increase participation in appropriate colorectal cancer screening.
This study evaluated the efficacy of two tailored interventions and a generic print intervention.
Participant siblings (N = 412) who were not up-to-date with colorectal cancer screening were randomly assigned to receive either a generic print pamphlet, a tailored print pamphlet, or a tailored print pamphlet and tailored counseling call. Colorectal cancer screening 6 months after the baseline interview was the outcome measure.
Results indicated that colorectal cancer screening adherence increased among intermediate risk siblings enrolled in all three intervention groups. Participants in both tailored intervention groups reported having colorectal cancer screening at significantly higher rates than participants in the generic print group. The increase in colorectal cancer screening in the tailored print and counseling call group was not significantly higher than that achieved by the tailored print alone. Decisional balance partially mediated treatment effects. Tailored behavioral interventions are effective methods for increasing screening adherence but telephone counseling did not add significantly to treatment effects.
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- A Randomized Trial of Generic Versus Tailored Interventions to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Intermediate Risk Siblings
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 37, Issue 2 , pp 207-217
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Colorectal cancer screening
- Tailored interventions
- Intermediate risk siblings
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
- 2. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
- 3. The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
- 4. Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA
- 5. Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
- 6. The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
- 7. Northeast Regional Cancer Institute, Scranton, PA, USA
- 8. Colorectal Surgical Associates of New Jersey, Shrewsbury, NJ, USA
- 9. City University of New York, New York, NY, USA