Original Paper

Neuroethics

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 173-188

Public Attitudes Toward Cognitive Enhancement

  • Nicholas S. FitzAffiliated withNational Core for Neuroethics, Department of Psychiatry and Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia
  • , Roland NadlerAffiliated withNational Core for Neuroethics, Department of Psychiatry and Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia
  • , Praveena ManogaranAffiliated withNational Core for Neuroethics, Department of Psychiatry and Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia
  • , Eugene W. J. ChongAffiliated withNational Core for Neuroethics, Department of Psychiatry and Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia
  • , Peter B. ReinerAffiliated withNational Core for Neuroethics, Department of Psychiatry and Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia Email author 

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Abstract

Vigorous debate over the moral propriety of cognitive enhancement exists, but the views of the public have been largely absent from the discussion. To address this gap in our knowledge, four experiments were carried out with contrastive vignettes in order to obtain quantitative data on public attitudes towards cognitive enhancement. The data collected suggest that the public is sensitive to and capable of understanding the four cardinal concerns identified by neuroethicists, and tend to cautiously accept cognitive enhancement even as they recognize its potential perils. The public is biopolitically moderate, endorses both meritocratic principles and the intrinsic value of hard work, and appears to be sensitive to the salient moral issues raised in the debate. Taken together, these data suggest that public attitudes toward enhancement are sufficiently sophisticated to merit inclusion in policy deliberations, especially if we seek to align public sentiment and policy.

Keywords

Cognitive enhancement Public attitudes Fairness Authenticity Experimental neuroethics Regulatory policy Moral psychology