Neuroethics

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 97–103

Individual Differences in Moral Behaviour: A Role for Response to Risk and Uncertainty?

Authors

    • Perceptual and Clinical Neuroscience Group, School of Psychology & PsychiatryMonash University
    • Monash Philosophy & Cognition Lab, Philosophy Department, School of Philosophical, Historical and International StudiesMonash University
  • Bryan Paton
    • Perceptual and Clinical Neuroscience Group, School of Psychology & PsychiatryMonash University
    • Monash Philosophy & Cognition Lab, Philosophy Department, School of Philosophical, Historical and International StudiesMonash University
  • Trung T. Ngo
    • Perceptual and Clinical Neuroscience Group, School of Psychology & PsychiatryMonash University
    • Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research CentreAlfred Hospital and Monash University
  • Richard H. Thomson
    • Perceptual and Clinical Neuroscience Group, School of Psychology & PsychiatryMonash University
    • Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research CentreAlfred Hospital and Monash University
  • Jakob Hohwy
    • Monash Philosophy & Cognition Lab, Philosophy Department, School of Philosophical, Historical and International StudiesMonash University
  • Steven M. Miller
    • Perceptual and Clinical Neuroscience Group, School of Psychology & PsychiatryMonash University
    • Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research CentreAlfred Hospital and Monash University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s12152-012-9158-4

Cite this article as:
Palmer, C.J., Paton, B., Ngo, T.T. et al. Neuroethics (2013) 6: 97. doi:10.1007/s12152-012-9158-4

Abstract

Investigation of neural and cognitive processes underlying individual variation in moral preferences is underway, with notable similarities emerging between moral- and risk-based decision-making. Here we specifically assessed moral distributive justice preferences and non-moral financial gambling preferences in the same individuals, and report an association between these seemingly disparate forms of decision-making. Moreover, we find this association between distributive justice and risky decision-making exists primarily when the latter is assessed with the Iowa Gambling Task. These findings are consistent with neuroimaging studies of brain function during moral and risky decision-making. This research also constitutes the first replication of a novel experimental measure of distributive justice decision-making, for which individual variation in performance was found. Further examination of decision-making processes across different contexts may lead to an improved understanding of the factors affecting moral behaviour.

Keywords

Decision makingMoralityDistributive justiceRiskUncertaintyIndividual differences

Supplementary material

12152_2012_9158_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (203 kb)
Online ResourceContains details of the slideshow employed in the distributive justice task and a description of the method for calculating the inequity-aversion parameter. (PDF 203 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012