Adelman, M., Erez, E., & Shalhoub-Kevorkian, N. (2003). Policing violence against minority women in multicultural societies: “Community” and the politics of exclusion. Police & Society,
Anderson, M. J. (2004). The legacy of the prompt complaint requirement, corroboration requirement, and cautionary instructions on campus sexual assault. Boston University Law Review,
Bachman, R., & Saltzman, L. E. (1995). Violence against women: Estimates from the redesigned survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Bachman, R., & Paternoster, R. (1997). Statistical methods for criminology and criminal justice. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Belknap, J. (2001). The invisible woman. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Bergen, R. K. (1996). Wife rape: Understanding the response of survivors and service providers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Block, S. (2006). Rape and sexual power in early America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Boakye, K. E. (2009). Attitudes toward rape and victims of rape: A test of the feminist theory in Ghana. Journal of Interpersonal Violence,
Bowermaster, J. (1998). Relocation custody disputes involving domestic violence. University of Kansas Law Review,
Brame, R., Paternoster, R., Mazerolle, P., & Piquero, A. (1998). Testing for the equality of maximum likelihood regression coefficients between two independent equations. Journal of Quantitative Criminology,
Brownmiller, S. (1975). Against our will: Men, women, and rape. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Bryden, D. P., & Lengnick, S. (1997). Rape in the criminal justice system. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology,
Caputi, J. (1989). The sexual politics of murder. Gender and Society, Special Issue: Violence against Women,
Catalano, S. M. (2004). Criminal victimization, 2003. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Catalano, S. M. (2005). Criminal victimization, 2004. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Connerton, K. C. (1997). The resurgence of the marital rape exemption: The victimization of teens by their statutory rapists. Albany Law Review,
Crooms, L. A. (1997). Speaking partial truths and preserving power: Deconstructing white supremacy, patriarchy, and the rape corroboration rule in the interest of black liberation. Howard Law Journal,
D’Alessiono, S. J., & Stolzenberg, L. (2003). Race and the probability of arrest. Social Forces,
De Beauvoir, S. (1971). The second sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Denno, D. W. (2003). Why the model penal code’s sexual offense provisions should be pulled and replaced. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law,
Estrich, S. (1986). Rape. Yale Law Journal,
Felson, R. B., & Pare, P. P. (2007). Does the criminal justice system treat domestic violence and sexual assault offenders leniently? Justice Quarterly,
Frohmann, L. (1997). Convictability and discordant locales: Reproducing race, class, and gender ideologies in prosecutorial decision making. Law & Society Review,
Hawkins, D. F., Laub, J. H., Lauritsen J. L., & Cothern, L. (2000). Race, ethnicity, and serious and violent juvenile offending. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Hickman, M. J., & Reaves, B. A. (2006). Local police departments, 2003. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Howerton, A. (2006). Police response to crime: Differences in the application of law by race. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice,
Irving, T. (2008). Decoding black women: Policing practices and rape prosecution on the streets of Philadelphia. NWSA Journal,
Jackson, N. (2003). Fathering injustice: Racial patriarchy and the dismantling of affirmative action. The Western Journal of Black Studies,
Kearney, B. (2009). Symposium and notes issue of gender and sexuality law: Note: Challenges to marital unity: Spousal testimony and married women’s property acts in nineteenth-century New York. The Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law,
Kids Count Missouri. (2002). Interactive data center of Missouri showing percent minority. Retrieved June 8, 2010, from http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/bystate/Rankings.aspx?state=MO&loct=5&by=a&order=a&ind=1987&dtm=4178&tf=13
Leibert, M. J., & Fox, K. C. (2005). Race and the impact of detention on juvenile justice decision making. Crime & Delinquency,
Lerner, G. (1986). The creation of patriarchy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Madigan, L., & Gamble, N. (1991). The second rape: Society’s continued betrayal of the victim. New York: Lexington Books.
Mahoney, P., & Williams, L. (1998). Sexual assault in marriage: Prevalence, consequences and treatment for wife rape. In J. Jasinski & L. M. Williams (Eds.), Partner violence: A comprehensive review of 20 years of research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Mantilla, K. (1999). Clinton a rapist?… It could happen. Off Our Backs,
Markovitz, J. (2004). Legacies of lynching. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Matoesian, G. M. (1993). Reproducing rape: Domination through talk in the courtroom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Messerschmidt, J. W. (1998). Men victimizing men: The case of lynching 1865–1900. In L. H. Bowker (Ed.), Masculinities and violence (pp. 125–151). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Missouri Task Force. (1993). Report of the Missouri task force on gender and justice. Missouri Law Review,
Mitchell, D., Angelone, D. J., Kohlberger, B., & Hirschman, R. (2009). Effects of offender motivation, victim gender, and participant gender on perceptions of rape victims and offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence,
Nakonezny, P., Shull, R., & Rodgers, J. L. (1995). The effect of no-fault divorce law on the divorce rate across the 50 states and its relation to income, education, and religiosity. Journal of Marriage and Family,
Patton, T. O., & Snyder-Yuly, J. (2007). Any four black men will do: Rape, race and the ultimate scapegoat. Journal of Black Studies,
Rennison, C. M., & Rand, M. R. (2003). Criminal victimization 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.
Russell, D. E. H. (1990). Rape in marriage. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press.
Schloesser, P. (2002). The fair sex: White women and racial patriarchy in the early American republic. New York: New York University Press.
Spears, J. W., & Spohn, C. C. (1997). The effects of evidence factors and victim characteristics on prosecutors’ charging decisions in sexual assault cases. Justice Quarterly,
Taylor, T., Holleran, D., & Topali, V. (2009). Racial bias in case processing: Does victim race affect police clearance of violent crime incidents? Justice Quarterly,
UCR. (2004). Crime in the United States 2003. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.
UCR. (2005). Crime in the United States 2004. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.
Walker, J. T. (1999). Statistics in criminal justice: Analysis and interpretation. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers Inc.
Websdale, N., & Chesney-Lind, M. (1998). Doing violence to women: Research synthesis on the victimization of women. In L. H. Bowker (Ed.), Masculinities and violence (pp. 55–81). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Yamawaki, N., Darby, R., & Queiroz, A. (2007). The moderating role of ambivalent sexism: The influence of power status on perception of rape victim and rapist. The Journal of Social Psychology,