Current Psychology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 24–33

Personality and Reaction Time after Sleep Deprivation

  • Noelle E. Carlozzi
  • Michael David Horner
  • Samet Kose
  • Kaori Yamanaka
  • Alexander Mishory
  • Qiwen Mu
  • Ziad Nahas
  • Sarah A. Wells
  • Mark S. George
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12144-009-9068-8

Cite this article as:
Carlozzi, N.E., Horner, M.D., Kose, S. et al. Curr Psychol (2010) 29: 24. doi:10.1007/s12144-009-9068-8

Abstract

The relationship between reaction time and both state and trait personality variables was investigated in 37 participants after 30 h of sleep deprivation. Regression analyses suggested that endorsement of greater Novelty Seeking, anger/hostility, and depression/dejection, and less confusion, was associated with greater reaction time declines on one Multi-Attribute Task Battery index after sleep deprivation. Further, greater Novelty Seeking and depression/dejection, and less vigor/activity, was associated with greater reaction time declines after sleep deprivation on another Multi-Attribute Task Battery index. Additional correlational analyses indicated that better reaction times were associated with greater Novelty Seeking and lower anger/hostility prior to sleep deprivation, and less confusion/bewilderment following sleep deprivation. Findings suggest that both state and trait personality variables are associated with reaction time performance following sleep deprivation.

Keywords

CognitionPersonalityReaction timeSleep deprivationState personality variablesTrait personality variablesExperiment

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noelle E. Carlozzi
    • 1
    • 6
  • Michael David Horner
    • 2
    • 3
  • Samet Kose
    • 4
    • 5
    • 7
  • Kaori Yamanaka
    • 8
  • Alexander Mishory
    • 4
    • 5
  • Qiwen Mu
    • 4
    • 5
  • Ziad Nahas
    • 4
    • 5
  • Sarah A. Wells
    • 4
    • 5
  • Mark S. George
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Outcomes & Assessment LaboratoryKessler Foundation Research CenterWest OrangeUSA
  2. 2.Ralph H. Johnson Department of Veterans Affairs Medical CenterCharlestonUSA
  3. 3.Medical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  4. 4.Brain Stimulation LaboratoryCharlestonUSA
  5. 5.Center for Advanced Imaging ResearchCharlestonUSA
  6. 6.University of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseyNewarkUSA
  7. 7.Department of PsychiatryVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  8. 8.Department of NeuropsychiatryShowa University School of MedicineTokyoJapan