Current Psychology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 24–33

Personality and Reaction Time after Sleep Deprivation

Authors

    • Outcomes & Assessment LaboratoryKessler Foundation Research Center
    • University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
  • Michael David Horner
    • Ralph H. Johnson Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    • Medical University of South Carolina
  • Samet Kose
    • Brain Stimulation Laboratory
    • Center for Advanced Imaging Research
    • Department of PsychiatryVanderbilt University
  • Kaori Yamanaka
    • Department of NeuropsychiatryShowa University School of Medicine
  • Alexander Mishory
    • Brain Stimulation Laboratory
    • Center for Advanced Imaging Research
  • Qiwen Mu
    • Brain Stimulation Laboratory
    • Center for Advanced Imaging Research
  • Ziad Nahas
    • Brain Stimulation Laboratory
    • Center for Advanced Imaging Research
  • Sarah A. Wells
    • Brain Stimulation Laboratory
    • Center for Advanced Imaging Research
  • Mark S. George
    • Medical University of South Carolina
    • Brain Stimulation Laboratory
    • Center for Advanced Imaging Research
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12144-009-9068-8

Cite this article as:
Carlozzi, N.E., Horner, M.D., Kose, S. et al. Curr Psychol (2010) 29: 24. doi:10.1007/s12144-009-9068-8

Abstract

The relationship between reaction time and both state and trait personality variables was investigated in 37 participants after 30 h of sleep deprivation. Regression analyses suggested that endorsement of greater Novelty Seeking, anger/hostility, and depression/dejection, and less confusion, was associated with greater reaction time declines on one Multi-Attribute Task Battery index after sleep deprivation. Further, greater Novelty Seeking and depression/dejection, and less vigor/activity, was associated with greater reaction time declines after sleep deprivation on another Multi-Attribute Task Battery index. Additional correlational analyses indicated that better reaction times were associated with greater Novelty Seeking and lower anger/hostility prior to sleep deprivation, and less confusion/bewilderment following sleep deprivation. Findings suggest that both state and trait personality variables are associated with reaction time performance following sleep deprivation.

Keywords

Cognition Personality Reaction time Sleep deprivation State personality variables Trait personality variables Experiment

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009