Original Article

Acta Analytica

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 145-159

First online:

No Evidence is False

  • Clayton LittlejohnAffiliated withDepartment of Philosophy, King’s College London Email author 

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If evidence is propositional, is one’s evidence limited to true propositions or might false propositions constitute evidence? In this paper, I consider three recent attempts to show that there can be ‘false evidence,’ and argue that each of these attempts fails. The evidence for the thesis that evidence consists of truths is much stronger than the evidence offered in support of the theoretical assumptions that people have relied on to argue against this thesis. While I shall not defend the view that evidence is propositional, I shall defend the view that any propositional evidence must be true.


Evidence Justification Reasons for Belief Knowledge Epistemic rationality