Marital Well-Being Over Time Among Black and White Americans: The First Seven Years
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We examined patterns of marital well-being over the first 7 years of marriage and whether factors connected to early marital well-being during year 1 impacted marital well-being over time. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal panel study following 199 Black American and 174 White American during the first 7 years of marriage. Multilevel growth curve modeling revealed that race, income, and premarital child affected husbands’ marital well-being in year 1. Education, wives’ employment status, and divorced parents influenced wives’ marital well-being at year 1. After accounting for differences in these early marital conditions, having a child before marriage was significant in predicting the rates of change over time for husbands. Divorced parents affected the rate of change in marital well-being for wives. The findings suggest that as couples settle into their marriages, risk factors have fewer consequences on marital well-being.
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- Marital Well-Being Over Time Among Black and White Americans: The First Seven Years
Journal of African American Studies
Volume 17, Issue 3 , pp 290-307
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Black Americans
- Longitudinal research
- Marital well-being
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, 348 Mansfield Road, U-2058, Storrs, CT, 06269-2058, USA
- 2. Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
- 3. Department of Sociology, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA
- 4. Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA