Anshel, A., and D. A. Kipper 1988 The Influence of Group Singing on Trust and Cooperation. Journal of Music Therapy 25:145–155.
Alexander, R. D. 1987 The Biology of Moral Systems. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Axelrod, R., and D. Dion 1988 The Further Evolution of Cooperation. Science
Ayotte J., I. Peretz, and K. Hyde 2002 Congenital Amusia: A Group Study of Adults Afflicted with a Music-Specific Disorder. Brain
Balkwill, L., and W. F. Thompson 1999 A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Perception of Emotion in Music: Psychophysical and Cultural Cues. Music Perception 17:43–64.
Bamforth, D. B. 1994 Indigenous People, Indigenous Violence: Precontact Warfare on the North American Great Plains. Man (n.s.) 29:95–115.
Blacking, J. 1957 The Role of Music amongst the Venda of the Northern Transvaal. Johannesburg: International Library of African Music.
Boone, J. L. 1998 The Evolution of Magnanimity: When Is It Better To Give Than To Receive? Human Nature
Boyd, R., and P. J. Richerson 1992 Punishment Allows the Evolution of Cooperation (or Anything Else) in Sizable Groups. Ethology and Sociobiology
Brown, S. 2000 The “Musilanguage” Model of Music Evolution. In The Origins of Music, N. L. Wallin, B. Merker, and S. Brown, eds. Pp. 271–300. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Bull, J. J., and W. R. Rice 1991 Distinguishing Mechanisms for the Evolution of Cooperation. Journal of Theoretical Biology 149:63–74.
Burrows, E. G. 1945 Songs of Uvea and Futuna. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 183.
Catchpole, C. K., and P. J. B. Slater 1995 Birdsong: Biological Themes and Variations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chagnon, N. 1997 Yanomamö, fifth ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.
Cheney, D. L. 1987 Interactions and Relationships between Groups. In Primate Societies, B. B. Smuts, D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker, eds. Pp. 267–281. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cohen, J. 1969 Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. New York: Academic Press.
Cosmides, L. 1989 The Logic of Social Exchange: Has Natural Selection Shaped How Humans Reason? Studies with the Wason Selection Task. Cognition
Cosmides, L., and J. Tooby 2000 Evolutionary Psychology and the Emotions. In Handbook of Emotions, second ed., M. Lewis and J. M. Haviland-Jones, eds. Pp. 91–115. New York: Guilford.
Daniel, H. J., K. F. O’Brien, R. B. McCabe, and V. E. Quinter 1985 Values in Mate Selection: A 1984 Campus Survey. College Student Journal 19:44–50.
Darwin, C. 1871 The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. London: John Murray.
Dawkins, R. 1976 The Selfish Gene. London: Oxford University Press.
Denig, E. T. 1930 Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
Dissanayake, E. 2000 Antecedents of the Temporal Arts in Early Mother-Infant Interaction. In The Origins of Music, N. L. Wallin, B. Merker, and S. Brown, eds. Pp. 389–410. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Draper, P., and R. Hames 2000 Birth Order, Sibling Investment, and Fertility among the Ju/’hoansi (!Kung). Human Nature
Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I. 1989 Human Ethology. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Freeman, W. 1995 Societies of Brains: A Study in the Neuroscience of Love and Hate. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum.
2000 A Neurobiological Role of Music in Social Bonding. In The Origins of Music, N. L. Wallin, B. Merker, and S. Brown, eds. Pp. 411–424. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Geissmann, T. 1986 Mate Change Enhances Duetting Activity in the Siamang Gibbon (Hylobates syndactylus). Behaviour 96:17–27.
1999 Duet Songs of the Siamang, Hylobates syndactylus
, II: Testing the Pair-Bonding Hypothesis during a Partner Exchange. Behaviour
2000 Gibbon Songs and Human Music in an Evolutionary Perspective. In The Origins of Music, N. L. Wallin, B. Merker, and S. Brown, eds. Pp. 103–123. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Gese, E. M., and R. L. Ruff 1998 Howling by Coyotes (Canis latrans):
Variation among Social Classes, Seasons, and Pack Sizes. Canadian Journal of Zoology
Gintis, H. 2000 Strong Reciprocity and Human Sociality. Journal of Theoretical Biology
Goth, A., U. Vogel, and E. Curio 1999 The Acoustic Communication of the Polynesian Megapode Megapodius pritchardii G. R. Gray. Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) (327):37–51.
Grinnell, J., and K. McComb 1996 Maternal Grouping as a Defense against Infanticide by Males: Evidence from Field Playback Experiments on African Lions. Behavioral Ecology
Gurven M., W. Allen-Arave, K. Hill, and M. Hurtado 2000 “It’s a Wonderful Life”: Signaling Generosity among the Ache of Paraguay. Evolution and Human Behavior
Hall, M. L. 2000 The Function of Duetting in Magpie-larks: Conflict, Cooperation, or Commitment? Animal Behaviour
Hawkes, K., J. F. O’Connell, and N. G. Blurton-Jones 2001 Hadza Meat Sharing. Evolution and Human Behavior
Hayden, B. 1990 Nimrods, Piscators, Pluckers and Planters: The Emergence of Food Production. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology
1996 Feasting in Prehistoric and Traditional Societies. In Food and the Status Quest, P. Wiessner and W. Schiefenhovel, eds. Pp. 127–147. Providence: Berghahn Books.
Howard, J. H., and G. P. Kurath 1959 Ponca Dances, Ceremonies and Music. Ethnomusicology
Hughes, J. M. 1997 Vocal Duetting by a Mated Pair of Coral-Billed Ground-cuckoos (Carpococcyx renauldi
) at the Metro Toronto Zoo. Zoo Biology
Hughes, S. M., M. A. Harrison, and G. A. Gallup 2002 The Sound of Symmetry: Voice as a Marker of Developmental Instability. Evolution and Human Behavior
Hugh-Jones, S. 1979 The Palm and the Pleiades: Initiation and Cosmology in Northwest Amazonia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Johnsrude, I. J., V. B. Penhune, and R. J. Zatorre 2000 Functional Specificity in Right Human Auditory Cortex for Perceiving Pitch Direction. Brain
Johnston, T. F. 1980 Alaskan Eskimo Music and Dance. Current Anthropology
Kappeler, M. 1984 Vocal Bouts and Territorial Maintenance in the Moloch Gibbon. In The Lesser Apes: Evolutionary and Behavioural Biology, H. Preuschoft et al., eds. Pp. 376–389. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. (Reproduced at http://www.markuskappeler.ch/gib/gibs/vocalbouts.html)
Keeley, L. H. 1996 War before Civilization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Knight, C. 1991 Blood Relations: Menstruation and the Origins of Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Leimar, O., and P. Hammerstein 2001 Evolution of Cooperation through Indirect Reciprocity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
Lerdahl, F., and R. Jackendoff 1983 A Generative Theory of Tonal Music. Cambridge: MIT Press.
LeVine, R. A., and D. T. Campbell 1972 Ethnocentrism: Theories of Conflict, Ethnic Attitudes, and Group Behavior. John Wiley & Sons.
Man, E. H. 1932 On the Aboriginal Inhabitants of the Andaman Islands. London: Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland.
Malinowski, B. 1925 Complex and Myth in Mother-Right. Psyche 5:194–216.
Mauss, M. 1967 The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies. New York: Norton.
Maynard Smith, J. 1977 Parental Investment: A Prospective Analysis. Animal Behavior
2001 The Evolution of Animal Signals. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, University College, London.
Mead, M. 1930 Growing up in New Guinea. New York: Mentor.
Merriam, A. P. 1964 The Anthropology of Music. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
Merker, B. 2000 Synchronous Chorusing and Human Origins. In The Origins of Music, N. L. Wallin, B. Merker, and S. Brown, eds. Pp. 315–327. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Miller, G. 2000a Evolution of Human Music through Sexual Selection. In The Origins of Music, N. L. Wallin, B. Merker, and S. Brown, eds. Pp. 271–300. Cambridge: MIT Press.
2000b The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped Human Nature. New York: Doubleday.
Miller, J. 1997 Military Bands, Marching Off to Glory, Armed with Electric Guitars. New York Times, October 28.
Mitani, J. C., and J. Gros-Louis 1998 Chorusing and Call Convergence in Chimpanzees: Tests of Three Hypotheses. Behaviour 135:1041–1064.
Mooney, J. 1896 The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890. Fourteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Pt. 2. Washington, D.C.
Nöe, R. 1992 Alliance Formation among Male Baboons: Shopping for Profitable Partners. In Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and other Animals, A. H. Harcourt and F. B. M. de Waal, eds. Pp. 285–321. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nowak, M. A., and K. Sigmund 1998 Evolution of Indirect Reciprocity by Image Scoring. Nature
Nunnaly, J. 1978 Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Peretz, I. 1996 Can We Lose Memory for Music? The Case of Music Agnosia in a Nonmusician. Journal of Cognitive Neurosciences
Peretz, I., and J. Morais 1993 Specificity for Music. In Handbook of Neuropsychology, vol. 8, F. Boller and J. Grafman, eds. Pp. 373–390. New York: Elsevier.
Perry, D. W., R. J. Zatorre, M. Petrides, B. Alivisatos, E. Meyer, and A. C. Evans 1999 Localization of Cerebral Activity during Simple Singing. NeuroReport
Pinker, S. 1997 How the Mind Works. New York: W. W. Norton.
Richman, B. 1987 Rhythm and Melody in Gelada Vocal Exchanges. Primates
Roberts, H. H. 1925 Eskimo Songs: Songs of the Copper Eskimo (Southern Party, 1913–16). Ottawa, Ontario: F. A. Acland.
Rodseth, L., R. W. Wrangham, A. M. Harrigan, and B. B. Smuts 1991 The Human Community as a Primate Society. Current Anthropology
Roederer, J. 1984 The Search for a Survival Value of Music. Music Perception 1:350–356.
Rohwer, S. 1982 The Evolution of Reliable and Unreliable Badges of Fighting Ability. American Zoologist 22:531–546.
Slater, P. J. B. 2000 Birdsong Repertoires: Their Origins and Use. In The Origins of Music, N. L. Wallin, B. Merker, and S. Brown, eds. Pp. 49–63. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Smith, E. A., and R. L. Bliege Bird 2000 Turtle Hunting and Tombstone Opening: Public Generosity as Costly Signaling. Evolution and Human Behavior
Sosis, R. 2000 Costly Signaling and Torch Fishing on Ifaluk Atoll. Evolution and Human Behavior
Spence, M. 1974 Market Signaling. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Sugiyama, L. S., and R. Chacon 2000 Effects of Illness and Injury among the Yora and Shiwiar: Pathology Risk as Adaptive Problem. In Adaptation and Human Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective, N. A. Chagnon, L. Cronk, and W. Irons, eds. Pp. 371–395. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Thompson, L. 1940 Southern Lau, Fiji: An Ethnography. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 162.
Tooby, J., and L. Cosmides 1996 Friendship and the Banker’s Paradox: Other Pathways to the Evolution of Adaptations for Altruism. In Evolution of Social Behaviour Patterns in Primates and Man, W. G. Runciman, J. M. Smith, and R. I. M. Dunbar, eds. Pp. 119–143. Proceedings of the British Academy 88. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tyrell, J. 1916 David Thompson’s Narrative of His Explorations in Western America, 1784–1812. Toronto: Champlain Society Publication 21.
Werner, G. M., and P. M. Todd 1997 Too Many Love Songs: Sexual Selection and the Evolution of Communication. In Fourth European Conference on Artificial Life, P. Husbands and I. Harvey, eds. Pp. 434–443. Cambridge: MIT Press/Bradford Books.
White, L. A. 1962 The Pueblo of Sia, New Mexico. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 184.
Wickler W. 1976 Duetting Songs in Birds: Biological Significance of Stationary and Nonstationary Processes. Journal of Theoretical Biology
1980 Vocal Duetting and the Pairbond, I: Coyness and Partner Commitment. A Hypothesis. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie
Wilson, M. L., M. D. Hauser, and R. W. Wrangham 2001 Does Participation in Intergroup Conflict Depend on Numerical Assessment, Range Location, or Rank for Wild Chimpanzees? Animal Behaviour
Zahavi, A. 1975 Mate Selection: A Selection for a Handicap. Journal of Theoretical Biology