Date: 09 Nov 2011
Is It Legal Representation or Clients? : An Empirical Testing of Clients’ Performance and Their Legal Representation in Tulsa County Drug and DUI Programs
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The importance of legal representation to a criminal defendant is widely accepted, but the quality of government-provided counsels (particularly public defenders) has continuously been questioned. Based on data from Tulsa County DUI and Drug programs in Oklahoma, the authors tested the impact of legal representation (public defender versus private counsel) on clients’ performance in program, measured by plea terms and program outcome. Initial bivariate analyses showed disparate effect of legal representation, as clients represented by private counsels received better plea terms and fared better in program outcome. This effect, however, disappeared once other variables were controlled. Instead, factors closely related to the clients themselves (e.g., demographic features and their criminal behaviors) significantly impacted their program performance.
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Cases and Statutes Cited
Argersinger v. Hamlin, 407 U.S. 25 (1972)
Gideon v. Wainright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963)
In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967)
Powell v. Alabama, 287 U.S. 45 (1932)
U.S. Constitution, Sixth Amendment
- Is It Legal Representation or Clients? : An Empirical Testing of Clients’ Performance and Their Legal Representation in Tulsa County Drug and DUI Programs
American Journal of Criminal Justice
Volume 37, Issue 4 , pp 544-561
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Legal representation
- Public defender
- Private counsel
- DUI/Drug program
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Sociology, Oklahoma State University–Tulsa, 700 North Greenwood Avenue, Main Hall, 2223, Tulsa, OK, 74106, USA
- 2. Department of Sociology, Oklahoma State University, 431 Murray Hall, Stillwater, OK, 74078, USA
- 3. Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Briar Cliff University, 3303 Rebecca Street, Sioux City, IA, 51104, USA