Original Article

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 80, Issue 8, pp 659-662

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Hepatitis C Virus, Hepatitis B Virus, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Transfused Children in Kinshasa

  • M. KatabukaAffiliated withDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Kinshasa School of Medicine
  • , M. E. MafutaAffiliated withSchool of Public Health, University of Kinshasa School of Medicine
  • , A. M. NgomaAffiliated withDepartment of Blood Transfusion and Transplantation Immunology, Fukushima Medical University School of MedicineDepartment of Transfusion Medicine and Transplantation Immunology, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University Email author 
  • , P. Mutombo BeyaAffiliated withDepartment of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Shimane University
  • , S. YumaAffiliated withBlood Transfusion National Program
  • , L. AketiAffiliated withDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Kinshasa School of Medicine
  • , K. P. KayembeAffiliated withSchool of Public Health, University of Kinshasa School of Medicine
  • , J. R. GiniAffiliated withDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Kinshasa School of Medicine

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Abstract

Objective

To determine seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) and associated factors among transfused children.

Methods

A multicenter cross-sectional study of transfused children aged between 18 mo and 13 y old was conducted in 4 hospitals in Kinshasa. Blood samples were collected for the detection of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies to HCV, HIV 1and 2.

Results

A total of 177 (47.7 %) boys and 194 (52.3 %) girls participated in the study. The median age was 59.5 mo (Interquartile range IQR = 60.6). The prevalence rates of HCV, HBV, and HIV infection were 13.5 %, 1.6 %, and 1.3 %, respectively. Frequency of transfusion events were significantly associated with HCV (p < 0.001) and HIV (p < 0.05) infections.

Conclusions

HCV infection was by far more frequently identified than HBV and HIV infections among Congolese transfused children. Frequency of transfusion events was the only significant risk factor associated with HCV and HIV infections but not for HBV.

Keywords

Hepatitis C virus Human immunodeficiency virus Hepatitis B virus Transfusion Children