Date: 23 Apr 2009
Prevalence of emotional and behavioural problems among primary school children in Karachi, Pakistan — multi informant survey
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
To determine emotional and behaviourable problem among school going children in Pakistan.
A cross sectional survey of school children of certain towns within Karachi metropolitan area, aged 5 to 11 years during 1st half of 2006. SDQ was filled out by parents and school teachers for the same children. Demographic data of parents, teachers and children were also collected using a separate performa.
7 private and 8 community schools agreed to participate. 1488 consent forms were sent to 700 parents of private school and 788 parents of community school children. A total of 675 parents agreed to participate in the study. The response rate was 45.3%. Assessment of children’s mental health was conducted using Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Parents rated 34.4% of children as falling under the “abnormal category on SDQ, slightly higher estimates 35.8% were reported by the teacher. The findings suggest a striking difference between the informants’ ratings as well as gender wise difference in prevalence of common child mental health problems.
In the present study prevalence of child mental health problems was higher than reported in studies from other countries. There was also a gender difference in prevalence; boys had higher estimates of behavior/externalizing problems, whereas emotional problems were more common amongst females. There is a need for developing programs to train, sensitise and mobilize teachers and parents regarding child’s psychological, emotional and behavioral problems.
Javad AM, Kundi MZ, Khan AP. Emotional and behavioural problems among school children in Pakistan. J Pak Medi Assoc 1992; 42: 181–184.
Syed E, Abdul Hussein S, Mahmud S. Screening for emotional and behavioural problems amongst 5 to 11 year old school children in Karachi, Pakistan. Social Psychiatr Psychiatr Epidemiol 2007; 42: 421–427.CrossRef
Nikapota AD. Child psychiatry in developing countries. British J Psychiatr 1991; 158: 743–751.CrossRef
Mullick MS, Goodman R. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 5–10 year-olds in rural, urban and slum areas in Bangladesh: an exploratory study. Social Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2005; 40: 663–671.CrossRef
Srinath S, Girimaji SC, Gururaj G, Seshadri S, Subbakrishna DK, Bhola P, Kumar N. Epidemiological study of child & adolescent psychiatric disorders in urban and rural areas of Bangalore, India. Indian J Med Res 2005; 122: 67–79.PubMed
Compulsory Primary Education Ordinance. Government of Pakistan 2001.
Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS). Government of Pakistan. www.fbs.gov.pk
Goodman R. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: a research note. J Child Psychology Psychiatry 1997; 38: 581–586.CrossRef
Goodman R. Psychometric properties of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. J Am Acad Child Adolescent Psychiat 1999; 40: 1334–1137.
Samad L, Hollis C, Prince M, Goodman R. Child and adolescent psychopathology in a developing country: testing the validity of the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (Urdu Version). Internat J Methods Psychiatr Research 2005; 14: 158–166.CrossRef
Davé S, Nazareth I, Senior R, Sherr L. Comparison of Father and Mother Report of Child Behaviour on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 2008; 12A (online early edition ahead of publication)
Hyaes L. Problem behaviours in early primary school children: Australian normative data using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Australia New Zealand Journal Psychiatry 2007; 41:231–238.CrossRef
- Prevalence of emotional and behavioural problems among primary school children in Karachi, Pakistan — multi informant survey
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 76, Issue 6 , pp 623-627
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Child mental health
- Risk factors
- Industry Sectors