, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 579-586

First online:

Microstructure and microhardness of AA1050/TiC surface composite fabricated using friction stir processing

  • A THANGARASUAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology
  • , N MURUGANAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Coimbatore Institute of Technology
  • , I DINAHARANAffiliated withSchool of Mechanical Sciences, Karunya University Email author 
  • , S J VIJAYAffiliated withSchool of Mechanical Sciences, Karunya University

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Friction stir processing (FSP) has been developed by several researchers to produce an upper surface modification of metallic materials. The fabrication of TiC particulate (~2 \(\upmu \)m) reinforced aluminum matrix composite (AMC) using FSP is studied in this paper. The measured content of TiC powders were compacted into a groove of 0.5 mm × 5.5 mm. A single pass FSP was carried out using a tool rotational speed of 1600 rpm, processing speed of 60 mm/min and axial force of 10 kN. A tool made of HCHCr steel, oil hardened to 62 HRC, having a cylindrical profile was used in this study. The microstructure and microhardness of the fabricated AMC were analysed. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) micrographs revealed a uniform distribution of TiC particles which were well-bonded to the matrix alloy. The hardness of the AMC increased by 45% higher than that of the matrix alloy.


Surface composite friction stir processing TiC