, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 118-130

Influenza-Associated Neurological Complications

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Abstract

While mostly diagnosed in the pediatric population, neurological complications of pandemic influenza A infection may affect young and previously healthy adults, and may follow a fulminant, severe, and occasionally fatal course. We reviewed severe neurological complications secondary to influenza infection reported in the literature, in attempt to outline recurrent syndromes that may assist the clinician in making a timely diagnosis. Vigilance and awareness of these clinical entities are key in the neurologist and intensivist’s role in surveillance and early recognition of pandemic influenza, and in ensuring improved survival for affected patients.