Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 141, Issue 1, pp 91–95

Electron Microscopic (Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis) Study of Human Male Reproductive Organs and Semen

  • K. P. Skandhan
  • B. Sumangala
  • S. Amith
  • K. P. S. Avni

DOI: 10.1007/s12011-010-8723-0

Cite this article as:
Skandhan, K.P., Sumangala, B., Amith, S. et al. Biol Trace Elem Res (2011) 141: 91. doi:10.1007/s12011-010-8723-0


Recently, technological advancement helped to improve our knowledge on trace elements in human male reproductive organs and its secretion, semen. In this study, employing energy dispersive x-ray analysis facilities on electron microscope, presence of different elements in human male reproductive organs-—testis, epididymis, caput, corpus and cauda, prostate gland, seminal vesicle, Cowper’s gland and vas deferens—seminal plasma and spermatozoa pellet was studied. Several elements were observed. Gold was one among them that was present in seminal plasma and spermatozoa. It was also present in epididymis caput. Authors consider epididymis caput as the source of gold in semen.


Electron microscopeEDAXHuman semen elementsGold

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. P. Skandhan
    • 1
    • 3
  • B. Sumangala
    • 2
    • 4
  • S. Amith
    • 5
  • K. P. S. Avni
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyGovernment Medical CollageSuratIndia
  2. 2.Department of PathologyGovernment Medical CollageSuratIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysiologySree Narayana Institute of Medical SciencesErnakulamIndia
  4. 4.Department of PathologySree Narayana Institute of Medical SciencesErnakulamIndia
  5. 5.Mercy HospitalPittsburghUSA
  6. 6.Department of RadiologyMalabar institute of Medical SciencesCalicutIndia