, Volume 169, Issue 1, pp 77-87

Enzymatic Characterization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Reverse Transcriptase for Use in cDNA Synthesis

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to explore the advantages of using human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) in cDNA synthesis. Recombinant HIV-1 group M (HIV-1 M) RT and HIV-1 group O (HIV-1 O) RT were produced in an Escherichia coli expression system. In the incorporation of dTTP into poly(rA)-p(dT)15 (T/P), the K m values for dTTP of HIV-1 M RT and HIV-1 O RT were 8 and 12 % of that of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MMLV) RT, respectively, and the K m values for T/P were 25 and 23 % of that of MMLV RT, respectively. Compared with MMLV RT, HIV-1 M RT and HIV-1 O RT were less susceptible to formamide, which is frequently used for cDNA synthesis with a G + C-rich RNA to improve specificity. The high substrate affinity and low susceptibility to formamide of HIV-1 RT might be advantageous for its use in cDNA synthesis.