, Volume 467, Issue 3, pp 704-716

Capital Realignment for Moderate and Severe SCFE Using a Modified Dunn Procedure

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Abstract

Moderate to severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis leads to premature osteoarthritis resulting from femoroacetabular impingement. We believe surgical correction at the site of deformity through capital reorientation is the best procedure to fully correct the deformity but has traditionally been associated with high rates of osteonecrosis. We describe a modified capital reorientation procedure performed through a surgical dislocation approach. We followed 40 patients for a minimum of 1 year and 3 years from two institutions. No patient developed osteonecrosis or chondrolysis. Slip angle was corrected to 4° to 8° and the mean alpha angle after correction was 40.6°. Articular cartilage damage, full-thickness loss, and delamination were observed at the time of surgery, especially in the stable slips. This technique appears to have an acceptable complication rate and appears reproducible for full correction of moderate to severe slipped capital femoral epiphyses with open physes.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (eg, consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the human protocol for this investigation, that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research, and that informed consent for participation in the study was obtained.