Applying the rules of just war theory to engineers in the arms industry
- Aaron Fichtelberg
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Given the close relationship between the modern arms industry and the military, engineers and other professionals who work in the arms industry should be held accountable to the principles of just war theory. While they do not deploy weapons on the battlefield and are not in the military chain of command, technical professionals nonetheless have a moral duty to abide by principles of jus ad bellum and jus in bello. They are morally responsible both for choosing the companies that employ them (and to whom these companies sell arms) and a well as what types of arms they develop.
- Fotion, N., Elfstrom, G. (1986), Military Ethics. Routledge & K. Paul, Boston.
- US Department of Defense National Defense Budgets Estimate for 2003. Available at: http://www.dod.mil/comptroller/defbudget/fy2003/fy2003_greenbook.pdf.
- Defense News Top 100 available at: http://www.defensenews.com/content/features/2005chart1.html.
- Lockheed Martin. Setting the Standard. available at: http://www.lockheedmartin.com/data/assets/7856.pdf.
- SAIC, “Our Mission, Values, and Credo,” available at: http://www.saic.com/about/mission.html
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, “IEEE Code of Ethics,” available at: http://www.ieee.org/portal/pages/about/whatis/code.html.
- The American Society for Engineering Education, “ASEE Statement on Engineering Ethics Education,” available at http://www.asee.org/about/statementEngEthicsEdu.cfm.
- National Society of Professional Engineers, “NSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers,” http://www.nspe.org/ethics/eh1-code.asp.
- Ramsey, P. (1992) The Just War Theory According to St. Augustine, in Elshtain, J. ed. (1992) Just War Theory. New York University Press, New York: 8–22.
- Regan, R. (1996) Just War Theory: Principles and Cases. CUA Press, Washington, DC.
- Sterba, J. (2004) War and Terrorism: Introduction, in Sterba, J. ed. Morality in Practice. Thomson Wadsworth, Belmont: 587–593.
- Kant, I. (1795 reprinted 1983) Perpetual Peace, in Humphrey, T. ed. Perpetual Peace and Other Essays. Hackett Publishers, Indianapolis: 107–144.
- Aristotle Politics 1333A cited in Lackey, D. (1989) The Ethics of War and Peace. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs: 33.
- Westhusing, T. (2003) The Competitive and Cooperative Aretai Within the American Warfighting Ethos. unpublished dissertation.
- Bok, S. (1982), Secrets: On the Ethics of Concealment and Revelation. Vintage Books, New York.
- Smart, T. (1999) U.S. Arms Makers Rely On Exports for Survival: Developing Countries Turn Into Major Market. International Herald Tribune February 18, 1999.
- Singer, P. (2002), One World, Princeton University Press, Princeton.
- Rousseau, J.J. Cole, G.D.H. trans. (1973), The Social Contract. Everyman’s Library, New York: 187.
- Reprinted in Purseel, C. (1972) The Military-Industrial Complex. Harper & Row, New York: 204–208.
- Taylor, T. (1992) The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials. Little Brown and Company, New York: 78–115.
- Richardson J.G. (2004) The bane of “inhumane” weapons and overkill: An overview on increasingly lethal arms and the inadequacy of regulatory controls. Science and Engineering Ethics 10: pp 667–692.
- (1925) League of Nations Treaty Series. Vol. 94: 65–74.
- Advisory Opinion of 8 July, 1996, on The Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, the International Court of Justice.
- International Campaign to Ban Landmines, “The Landmines Problem,” available at: http://www.icbl.org/resources/problem.html.
- Hart, H.L.A., Honore, T. (1985), Causation in Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
- Applying the rules of just war theory to engineers in the arms industry
Science and Engineering Ethics
Volume 12, Issue 4 , pp 685-700
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Engineering Ethics
- Just War Theory
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware, 19716, Newark, DE, USA