Predisposing factors in the Spondyloarthropathies: New insights into the role of HLA-B27
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- Colbert, R.A. & Prahalad, S. Curr Rheumatol Rep (2001) 3: 404. doi:10.1007/s11926-996-0011-9
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Spondyloarthropathies represent complex genetic diseases whose development is influenced by environmental factors. Estimates suggest that three to nine loci may be responsible for the majority of the genetic susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis. The only susceptibility locus identified to date in multiple populations is HLA-B, where several HLA-B27 alleles (subtypes) are strongly associated with disease. Recent evidence implicates cytochrome P450 2D6 as a second locus, although its influence on overall risk appears small. Despite considerable efforts to define how HLA-B27 contributes to disease, its role remains enigmatic. Increasing evidence suggests it has effects that are unrelated to its physiologic function. The basis for this is unknown but may be a consequence of the unusual tendency of this allele to misfold.