Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 500–503

The Relationship Between Bipolar Disorder, Seasonality, and Premenstrual Symptoms

Authors

    • Department of Psychiatry, Penn Center for Women’s Behavioral WellnessUniversity of Pennsylvania
  • Kathryn A. Czarkowski
    • Department of Psychiatry, Penn Center for Women’s Behavioral WellnessUniversity of Pennsylvania
  • C. Neill Epperson
    • Department of Psychiatry, Penn Center for Women’s Behavioral WellnessUniversity of Pennsylvania
DAVID S. JANOWSKY, SECTION EDITOR

DOI: 10.1007/s11920-011-0233-z

Cite this article as:
Kim, D.R., Czarkowski, K.A. & Epperson, C.N. Curr Psychiatry Rep (2011) 13: 500. doi:10.1007/s11920-011-0233-z

Abstract

Cyclical mood disorders characterized by shifting affective states include bipolar disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and premenstrual syndrome/premenstrual dysphoric disorder. In this article, we explore the relationship between these disorders and bring the reader up to date on the advances made in the past year in understanding the relationship between bipolar disorder, seasonality, and premenstrual symptoms.

Keywords

Bipolar disorderSeasonalitySeasonal affective disorderWomen’s healthPremenstrual syndromePremenstrual dysphoric disorderMelatonin

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011