Article

Current Pain and Headache Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 295-301

Unusual Headaches in the Elderly

  • Cynthia C. BamfordAffiliated withCenter for Headache and Pain, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic
  • , MaryAnn MaysAffiliated withCenter for Headache and Pain, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic
  • , Stewart J. TepperAffiliated withCenter for Headache and Pain, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Email author 

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Abstract

Prevalence of headache lowers with age, and headaches of elderly adults tend to be different than those of the younger population. Secondary headaches, such as headaches associated with vascular disease, head trauma, and neoplasm, are more common. Also, certain headache types tend to be geriatric disorders, such as primary cough headache, hypnic headache, typical aura without headache, exploding head syndrome, and giant cell arteritis. This review provides an overview of some of the major and unusual geriatric headaches, both primary and secondary.

Keywords

Headache Migraine aura Hypnic headache Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjunctival injection and tearing SUNCT Exploding head syndrome Cough headache Giant cell arteritis Secondary headache Geriatric headache Elderly headache Cardiac cephalgia Primary cough headache