, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 91-95

Selecting patients for osteoporosis therapy

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Abstract

There is a global need to identify individuals at risk for osteoporotic fracture so that those at high risk can be treated and unnecessary treatment for those at low risk can be avoided. Bone mineral density (BMD) information is not sufficient to identify patients at high risk; approximately half of patients in the community with fractures do not have osteoporosis by the 1994 World Health Organization BMD criteria. Furthermore, BMD information is not easily accessible worldwide. The use of clinical risk factors with or without BMD information will improve our ability to identify patients at high risk for fracture. These risk factors can be integrated to predict a 10-year absolute risk or probability of fracture. Intervention thresholds based on absolute risk will be defined regionally based on each nation’s ability and willingness to pay.