The Science of Prevention (S Kalichman, Section Editor)

Current HIV/AIDS Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 59-64

First online:

State of Condom Use in HIV Prevention Science and Practice

  • Richard A. CrosbyAffiliated withCollege of Public Health at the University of Kentucky Email author 

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Condom use remains as the frontline defense against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Fortunately, an ever-expanding body of empirical literature is currently guiding improvements in use of this prevention strategy. Recent advances include improved measurement of condom use behaviors, advances in condom effectiveness research, innovations in the design of condoms, and greater intervention efficiency for high-risk populations. After reviewing each of these four areas of research, this article will offer speculation about the future of condom use for HIV prevention.


Condom usage Condom design Sexual behavior Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV/AIDS Evidence-based interventions Global High-risk populations Sexually transmitted infections Science of prevention