Article

Current Atherosclerosis Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp 476-483

A review of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets

  • Eric C. WestmanAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center
  • , John MavropoulosAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center
  • , William S. YancyJr.Affiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center
  • , Jeff S. VolekAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center

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Abstract

In response to the emerging epidemic of obesity in the United States, a renewal of interest in alternative diets has occurred, especially in diets that limit carbohydrate intake. Recent research has demonstrated that low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets can lead to weight loss and favorable changes in serum triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. This review summarizes the physiology and recent clinical studies regarding this type of diet.