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Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 485-494

Climate Change and Allergic Disease

  • Leonard BieloryAffiliated withRobert Wood Johnson University Hospital, Rutgers University Email author 
  • , Kevin LyonsAffiliated withRutgers University School of Business
  • , Robert GoldbergAffiliated withCenter for Medicine in the Public Interest

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Abstract

Allergies are prevalent throughout the United States and impose a substantial quality of life and economic burden. The potential effect of climate change has an impact on allergic disorders through variability of aeroallergens, food allergens and insect-based allergic venoms. Data suggest allergies (ocular and nasal allergies, allergic asthma and sinusitis) have increased in the United States and that there are changes in allergies to stinging insect populations (vespids, apids and fire ants). The cause of this upward trend is unknown, but any climate change may induce augmentation of this trend; the subspecialty of allergy and immunology needs to be keenly aware of potential issues that are projected for the near and not so distant future.

Keywords

Climate change Allergies Allergic disease Asthma Rhinitis Sinusitis Food allergy Cost of Illness Economics